Biology 1A - Human Biology: Drugs

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What do drugs do?
They alter the chemical reactions in your body.
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Name two addictive drugs.
Heroin and Cocaine
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The chemical changes caused by a drug can make people become...?
Addicted
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If a drug isn't taken, an addict can suffer...?
Withdrawal Symptoms.
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Some athletes take ___________ drugs to make them better at sport.
Performance-Enhancing
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What negative health effect do steroids cause?
High blood pressure.
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Name two reasons against performance-enhancing drugs.
1. It's unfair if people gain an advantage by taking drugs. 2. Athletes may not know the health risks.
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Name two reasons for performance-enhancing drugs.
1. Drug-free sport isn't really fair anyway. 2. Athletes have the right to make their own decision about whether taking drugs is worth the risk or not.
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What are statins?
Statins are a type of prescribed drug.
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What are statins used for?
They're used to lower the risk of heart and circulatory disease.
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What does evidence prove Statins do?
Lower blood cholesterol and lower the risk of heart disease in diabetics.
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Name four reasons the original research for Stations was good.
1. It was done by government scientists with no connection to the manufacturers. 2. The sample was big at 6000 patients. 3. The study compared patients who had taken stations with those who hadn't. 4. Other studies have backed up these findings.
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What is cannabis?
Cannabis is an illegal drug.
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What are the chemicals in cannabis smoke claimed to cause?
Mental health problems.
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Why are scientists still not sure whether cannabis smoke causes Mental health problems?
All the results vary.
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Name the three main steps to drug testing.
1. Drugs are tested on human cells and tissues in the lab. 2. The next step is to test the drug on live animals. 3. The final step is to test it on human volunteers.
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What was Thalidomide originally developed as?
A sleeping pill.
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What was Thalidomide later found to be good at?
Relieving morning sickness in pregnant women.
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What happened to the unborn babies that were affected by Thalidomide?
They were born with arm and leg problems.
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More recently, Thalidomide has been used in the treatment of what?
Leprosy.
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Illegal drugs can usually be classed into two things. What?
Hard or Soft
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Give two examples of a 'Hard' drug.
Heroin, Ecstasy.
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Give one example of a 'Soft' drug.
Cannabis
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Almost all users of hard drugs have tried which drug first?
Cannabis.
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Cannabis is described as two things. What?
1. A stepping stone 2. A gateway drug.
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Why is Cannabis described as a Stepping Stone?
The effects of cannabis create a desire to try harder drugs.
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Why is Cannabis described as a Gateway Drug?
Cannabis use brings people into contact with drug dealers?
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Why do some people say that moving from Cannabis to other drugs is "all down to genetics"
Certain people are more likely to take drugs generally, so cannabis users will also try other drugs.
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Name two legal recreational drugs.
Tobacco and Alcohol.
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Name three things smoking causes.
1. Lung disease 2. Cancer 3. Addiction (to nicotine)
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Name three things alcohol causes.
1. Slower reactions and poor coordination 2. Liver disease 3. Addiction
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Name three economical effects of alcohol and tobacco consumption in the UK.
1. It costs the NHS loads to treat the effects of tobacco and alcohol. 2. The cost of people being too ill to work also has a big impact on the economy. 3. The crimes committed due to alcohol take up police time and cost a lot.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Name two addictive drugs.

Back

Heroin and Cocaine

Card 3

Front

The chemical changes caused by a drug can make people become...?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

If a drug isn't taken, an addict can suffer...?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Some athletes take ___________ drugs to make them better at sport.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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