Biology Year 9 Term 3: Cancer

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Define cancer (3)
Cells growing in an uncontrolled and abnormal way due to genetic mutation during the cell cycle
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Define tumour (3)
Masses of cancerous cells which divide rapidly and don't respond to cell cycle commands
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What are the 2 types of cancer? (2)
Benign and malignant
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What is a benign tumour? (4)
Non cancerous, Doesn't spread, Grow quickly, Can damage organs
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What is a malignant tumour? (3)
Cancerous, Spreads, Cells live longer,
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What is a primary cancer? (1)
The original tumour
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What is a secondary tumour? (2)
A second tumour created when cells break and travel away from the primary tumour
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Identify 3 risk factors for cancer (3)
Genetic risk (for some), Obesity, Carcinogens
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Why can't the immune system detect cancer? (1)
It is the body's own cells
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What is surgical therapy? (1)
Surgical removal of tumours
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What is radiotherapy? (1)
Killing of cancer cells via radiation (irradiation)
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Identify an advantage of radiotherapy (1)
Controls growth of cancer
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Identify a disadvantage of radiotherapy (1)
Can damage organs
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What is chemotherapy? (1)
Treatment of cancer cells by medicine
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Identify an advantage of chemotherapy (1)
Shrinks/slows growth of cancer
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Identify a disadvantage of chemotherapy (1)
Doesn't work for everyone
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Define tumour (3)

Back

Masses of cancerous cells which divide rapidly and don't respond to cell cycle commands

Card 3

Front

What are the 2 types of cancer? (2)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a benign tumour? (4)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a malignant tumour? (3)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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