Biology Inheritance and Genetics

HideShow resource information
Natural Selection
Species adapting to their surrounding in order to survive to reproduce
1 of 19
Meiosis
Cell dividing to form gametes, sexual reproduction. Cell divides twice to form 4 gametes with a single set of chromosomes.
2 of 19
Mitosis
Growth and repair. Assexual Reproduction. Copy of each chromosome made before so new cell has same info as each other. genes the same as parent cells.
3 of 19
DNA
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid, the material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics.
4 of 19
Deoxyribose sugar
Sugar used in DNA to make up the "backbone".
5 of 19
Nucleotide
Is made up of one sugar, a base and a phosphate group.
6 of 19
Complimentary base pairs
A and T. C and G
7 of 19
Gene
Segment of DNA that is located in a chromosome and that codes for a specific hereditary trait.
8 of 19
Chromosome
A coiled structure of DNA and protein that forms in the cell nucleus during cell division.
9 of 19
Chromatids
Two identical chromosomes that split and contain the same genetic material.
10 of 19
Centromere
Hold 2 chromatids together
11 of 19
Diploid
A cell that contains the full 46 chromosomes
12 of 19
Haploid
Contains half the number (23)
13 of 19
Homologous
pairing at meiosis and having the same structural features and pattern of genes.
14 of 19
Homozygous
2 of the same alleles
15 of 19
Hetrozygous
2 different alleles
16 of 19
Introns
Do not code directly for a protein
17 of 19
Exon
Code directly for a protein
18 of 19
Locus
Location of a chromosome on a gene
19 of 19

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Cell dividing to form gametes, sexual reproduction. Cell divides twice to form 4 gametes with a single set of chromosomes.

Back

Meiosis

Card 3

Front

Growth and repair. Assexual Reproduction. Copy of each chromosome made before so new cell has same info as each other. genes the same as parent cells.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

DeoxyriboNucleic Acid, the material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Sugar used in DNA to make up the "backbone".

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all DNA and inheritance resources »