Biology - Genetic engineering

  • Created by: Kalitise
  • Created on: 02-09-18 18:22
Explain what is meant by a 'Genetic modified organism'?
A genetically modified organism is an organism in which the cells have been modified to better suit a particular requirement.
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Describe how plasmids are used in genetic engineering.
The plasmid from bacterial cells are used to insert the required genes into host bacterial cells.
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Describe the main stages in producing a genetically engineered bacteria.
1. The required gene is located on the human chromosome. 2. A plasmid is removed from a bacterial cell and cut open using enzymes 3.A plasmid is removed from a bacterial cell and cut open using enzymes
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next part of main stages of engineering.... (4 ->)
4. A different enzyme is used to insert and seal the gene into the bacterial plasmid. 5. The altered plasmid is inserted into a host bacterial cell and given the optimum conditions to multiply.
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Describe the use of enzymes in the process of genetic engineering.
The plasmid is removed and cut open using an enzyme. It is then sealed using a different enzyme.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Describe how plasmids are used in genetic engineering.

Back

The plasmid from bacterial cells are used to insert the required genes into host bacterial cells.

Card 3

Front

Describe the main stages in producing a genetically engineered bacteria.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

next part of main stages of engineering.... (4 ->)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe the use of enzymes in the process of genetic engineering.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5

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