Biology

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What are the two main type of cells?
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic
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How magnification calculated?
It is the size if the image divided the size of the real object
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What are chromosomes made up of?
DNA
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What is osmosis?
It is the movement of water molecules to a more concentrated solution across a semi-permeable membrane
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What is an organ?
It is a group of different tissues working together to perform a specific job
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What are the three main types of digestive enzymes?
Protease, lipase and carbohydrase
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What are the different types of blood vessels?
Ateries, veins and capillaries
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What two treatments can be used for coronary heart disease?
Stents to keep coronaryarteries open and statins to reduce cholesterol
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What is transpiration?
It is the loss of water through stomata in leaves
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What is the vector of malaria?
It is a type of mosquito
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How can a person be made immune to a specific disease?
A vaccination
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What is MRSA?
It is a strain of bacteria that is resistant to antibiotics
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What are deficiency diseases?
A lack of mineral ions in the soil
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What two products are produced when carbon dioxide and water combine in photosynthesis?
Glucose and oxygen
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What is anaerobic respiration in yeast cells called?
Fermentation
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What part of the brain comtrols body temperature?
Thermoregulatory centre
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What structures carry impulses from the retina to the brain?
Optic nerve
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What are the chemical messengers produced glands of the endocrine system?
Hormones
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What four hormones are involved in the menstrual cycle?
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), oestrogen, luteinising hormone (LH) and progesterone.
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Name the process that causes a plant to grow towards or away from light?
Phototropism
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What type of cell devision forms gametes?
They are formed by meiosis
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What is the structure of DNA?
It is a polymer of nucleotides that forms a double helix
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What word describes having two different alleles for a gene?
Heterozygous
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What process is the gradual change in the inherited characteristics of a population over time?
Evolution
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How are geneticlly identical individuals described?
Clones
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What is the classification system called in which organisms are given a two-part name made up of their genus and species?
Binomial system
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What is a population?
It is a group of individuals of one species living in a habitat
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What are the top consumers in a food chain called?
Apex predators
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Name two gases that contribute to global warming?
Carbon dioxide and methane
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How are methods that increase food production now, but leave enough resources for the future described?
Sustainable
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Card 2

Front

How magnification calculated?

Back

It is the size if the image divided the size of the real object

Card 3

Front

What are chromosomes made up of?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is osmosis?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is an organ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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