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  • Created by: anyabh1
  • Created on: 15-04-18 11:43
carbohydrates elements
oxygen, carbon, hydrogen
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proteins elements
oxygen, carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen
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lipids elements
oxygen, carbon,hydrogen
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carbohydrates
starch and glucose
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proteins
amino acids
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lipids
fatty acids and glycerol
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test for glucose
add benedicts reagant and heat. glucose turns red
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test for starch
add iodine solution. iodine turns blue/black
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function of carbs
energy
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function of proteins
growth and repair of tissue
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function of lipids
energy and insulation
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function of iron
haemoglobin
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function of calcium
to make bones and teeth
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function of vitamin a
improve vision and keep skin and hair healthy
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function of vitamin c
prevent scurvy
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function of vitamin d
help with calcium absorption
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fibre
helps peristalsis
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energy for high activity levels
more energy
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energy for pregnancy
more energy needed
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energy for young age
more energy needed for growth
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amylase
converts starch into maltose
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lipase
converts lipase to fatty acids and glycerol
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protease
converts proteins to amino acids
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production of bile
produced in the liver
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storage of bile
produced in the gall bladder
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function of bile
emulsifies fat and neutralises conditions
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mouth
salivary glands secrete amylase. mechanical digestion
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oesophagus
tunnel connecting mouth to stomach
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liver
where bile is produced
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gall bladder
where bile is stored
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stomach
mechanical digestion. churns food
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hydrochloric acid in stomach
kill bacteria and is the right conditions for protease
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pancreas
produces protease, lipase and amylase, released into small intestine
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smal intestine
uses lipase, protease and amylase to complete digestion . nutrients are absorbed
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large intestine
excess water is absorbed
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peristalsis
wave like motion that pushes food through the alimentary canal
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digestion
breakdown of large, insoluble molecules to smaller soluble molecules
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absorption
movement of nutrients into blood
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assimilation
nutrients from blood to cells
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adaptation of small intestine
large surface area, villi which have a large sa, microvilli, capilarries near surface, steep conc gradient
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

oxygen, carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen

Back

proteins elements

Card 3

Front

oxygen, carbon,hydrogen

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

starch and glucose

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

amino acids

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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