Biological Psychology

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Stress
The interaction between external stimuli (stressors) and the physiological&psychological response to them.
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Adrenal Gland
prepares body for 'fight or flight' response.
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ANS
nervous system
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SNS
neurones travel from here to all organs and glands.
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SAM System
Located in adrenal medulla, regulates release of adrenaline
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Noradrenaline
neurotransmitter released by SNS
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Hypothalamus
Control system for hormonal systems
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CRF
released by hypothalamus into the bloodstream to reach pituitary gland to trigger release of ACTH
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Cortisol
released by adrenal cortex and causing stress-related effects
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Measuring Stress
Self-report technique, self-report questionnaires, semi-structures interviews
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SRRS Scale
Social readjustment rating scale
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SIT
Stress Inoculation Training
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Conceptualisation (SIT)
identify source, keep a diary, therapists challenge exaggerated appraisals
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Skills Training & Rehearsal (SIT)
develop specific skills, improve social communication, relaxation
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Application in the real world (SIT)
Monitoring of success/failure, learning from experience
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Kobasa's Hardiness Training
Focusing, Reconstructing stressful situations, self-improvement
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Benzodiazepines
Prescribed drug to treat clinical disorders
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Effective anti-anxiety drugs
Librium, Valium, Anxiolytics
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neurotransmitter GABA
an inhibitory neurotransmitter to reduce the activity of other neurotransmitter pathways
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Beta Blockers
Drugs that act directly on heart and circulatory system. i.e. Propanol, Alprenold
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Biofeedback
combines physiological and psychological techniques to help reduce physiological arousal.
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Functions of social support
Emotional, Practical, informational and general network support.
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Card 2

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prepares body for 'fight or flight' response.

Back

Adrenal Gland

Card 3

Front

nervous system

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

neurones travel from here to all organs and glands.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Located in adrenal medulla, regulates release of adrenaline

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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