Biological Molecules - Carbohydrates

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  • Created by: cassie97
  • Created on: 05-05-14 12:55
Magnesium
Found in Chlorophyll.
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Iron
Constituent of haemoglobin.
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Phosphate
Component of ATP.
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Calcium
Deposited in teeth and bones.
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Micronutrients
Needed in trace amounts, eg. Copper and Zinc.
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Inorganic ions are important to plants because...
Mineral ions are transported, dissolved in water.
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Basic monomer unit
Monosaccharides which are individual molecules
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Polymer
Long chains of repeating monomer units
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Triose is used for...
Metabolism (anabolic buildup and catabolic breakdown).
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Pentose is used in...
Nucleic Acids for RNA and DNA.
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Hexose is used for...
Energy.
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Glucose can exist as what structures?
Usually ring structures when dissolved in water.
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Disaccharides are formed by...
A 1,4 glycosidic bond and the elimination of water (condensation reaction).
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Disaccharides are broken down by...
Hydrolysis (water is incorporated into the bonds to break them apart).
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Maltose
A glucose + A glucose.
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Sucrose
A glucose + fructose.
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Lactose
B glucose + galactose.
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Isomer
Have the same molecular formula but different structural formula.
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Lipids consist of?
3 fatty acids and glycerol.
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A triglyceride is formed by...
An ester bond and condensation reaction.
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Phospholipids consist of?
2 fatty acids, glycerol and a phosphate group.
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Phospholipids are arranged...
Into a bi-layer.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Iron

Back

Constituent of haemoglobin.

Card 3

Front

Phosphate

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Calcium

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Micronutrients

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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