biological molecules

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what is a monomer?
small molecule which is used to builld a polymer
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what is a polymer?
many small molecules joined together by convalenny bonds to form a larg molecule
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what is the monomer for a carbohydrate?
monosaccaride
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what is the polymer for a carbohydrate ?
Pollysaccaride
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what is the monomer for a protein?
amino acid
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what is the polymer for a protein?
polypeptide or protein
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what is the monokmer for a nucleic acid?
nucleotide
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what is the polymer for a nucleic acid
DNA or RNA
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why are lipids not a polymer?
they are not a polymer as they are made of more than one polymer
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what is a convalent bond?
when atoms share electrons
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what type of reaction joins monomers together?
condensation reaction
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what is removed during condensation reaction?
water
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why is carbon a key elemnt is biological molecules?
it binds strongly to other carbon elemants 2. binds to four convalent bonds which allows large molecule to be made 3. can make branched chains and rings 4. carbon can from double bonds with either another carbon or oxygen atom
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what ae the two things that always form from a concensation reaction
1. convalent bond 2. large molecule from small molecules
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what reaction breakes down a polymer into a monomer
hydrolysis
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what is need for hydrolysis to work?
water to be added
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what makes a metablic?
anabolic + catabolic = metabolic
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whats an anabolic reaction?
small molecules join
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whats a catabolic reaction?
large molecules are broken down.
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on carbon 1 what way is the OH on in alpha glucose?
top
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what is the differencce between alpha and beta glucose?
ucose the Oh is on the bottom of the carbon 1 whereas on beta glucose it is on the top
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what is an isomer?
molecule which has the same formular but a different structure
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if there are differences like structure what does it affect?
affects the tasts, digestibility and polymer found
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what is a formular for a monosaccaride?
(CH2O) n
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what sugar is found in barley?
maltose
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what is a dissasaccaride?
a dissasacaride is two monomers joined together
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glucose+fructose=
sucrose
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glucose+glucose=
maltose
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glucose+glactose=
lactose
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what is disasaccaride?
sucrose, lactose and maltose
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what type of glucose makes maltose
alpha
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what type of bond joins two monosaccarides together?
glycosidic
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what is the word equation for maltose?
alpha glucose+ alpha glucose ----> water+maltose
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what are the two main groups of pollysaccarides?
storage and structural
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what are the main properties of a storage polysaccaride?
insoulable, compact, inactive, brokendown easily
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what elements are carbohydrate made of?
carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
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what is starch?
energy storage for plants
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what is the structure of amylose?
made of alpha glucose molecules
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Card 2

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what is a polymer?

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many small molecules joined together by convalenny bonds to form a larg molecule

Card 3

Front

what is the monomer for a carbohydrate?

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Card 4

Front

what is the polymer for a carbohydrate ?

Back

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Card 5

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what is the monomer for a protein?

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