Biological approach to gender (Genes and Hormones and the Evolutionary approach)

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1. What theory did Taylor et al (2002) propose?

  • E=mc2
  • The tend and befriend theory
  • The empathising-systemising theory
  • The Mate choice theory
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2. Give one A01 approach to the role of genes and hormones in gender development in males.

  • David Reimer example
  • Boys can be born with an extra X chromosome that can cause them to look and feel more feminine.
  • Boys can be born with an extra Y chromosome that causes them to look and feel more feminine.
  • The Batista Family example

3. What did Hines (1994) study?

  • 25 child-free women (found that those with higher testosterone had less maternal drive)
  • Girls born with CAH (exposed to testosterone) showed little difference in gender to a control group of non CAH girls.
  • Batista family
  • David Reimer

4. Give one A01 point that explains the evolutionary approach to gender development in terms of mate choice.

  • In the EEA men and women looked for different qualities and this carried through to today.
  • Men and women look for different qualities in a mate in order to have the most successful reproduction.
  • Men and women look for different qualities in a mate purely because men and women have different qualities anyway.
  • Men and women look for the same qualities in a mate.

5. What is the tend and befriend theory?

  • Proposes that both genders use "tend and befriend" when under stress
  • Suggests men act more emotionally than women when under stress.
  • Suggests that women are better with relationships and cope in an emotional way in stressful situations
  • Suggests that men are better with relationships and cope in an emotional way in stressful situations

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