1. Give one A01 approach to the role of genes and hormones in gender development in females.
- Without the Y chromosome the testes do not develop and instead ovaries do, which produce oestrogen and stimulate puberty in females.
- Quadagno found that female monkeys exposed to testosterone were more aggressive
- Testosterone triggers puberty in females.
- The absence of testosterone causes oestrogen to be produced and puberty to be triggered.
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2. What is the tend and befriend theory?
- Suggests that women are better with relationships and cope in an emotional way in stressful situations
- Suggests men act more emotionally than women when under stress.
- Suggests that men are better with relationships and cope in an emotional way in stressful situations
- Proposes that both genders use "tend and befriend" when under stress
3. What is the empathising-systemising theory?
- Suggests these attributes have nothing to do with gender.
- Proposes that men are good at empathising (dealing with and expressing emotion) and women are good at systemising (constructing systems and reacting logically)
- Proposes that women are good at empathising (dealing with and expressing emotion) and men are good at systemising (constructing systems and reacting logically)
- Suggests that men and women's brains both work by empathising and stymieing equally.
4. Give one A01 point that explains the evolutionary approach to gender development in terms of mate choice.
- Men and women look for different qualities in a mate in order to have the most successful reproduction.
- Men and women look for the same qualities in a mate.
- Men and women look for different qualities in a mate purely because men and women have different qualities anyway.
- In the EEA men and women looked for different qualities and this carried through to today.
5. What did Deady et al (2006) study?
- Looked at 25 child-free women and those with higher testosterone had a lower maternal drive.
- Looked at 25 child-free women and found those with higher testosterone had a higher maternal drive.
- Of 25 child free women those with high testosterone also had high oestrogen levels.
- Of the 25 child-free women there was no difference in maternal drive.