Biological approach to gender (Genes and Hormones and the Evolutionary approach)

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1. What did Deady et al (2006) study?

  • Looked at 25 child-free women and those with higher testosterone had a lower maternal drive.
  • Of the 25 child-free women there was no difference in maternal drive.
  • Looked at 25 child-free women and found those with higher testosterone had a higher maternal drive.
  • Of 25 child free women those with high testosterone also had high oestrogen levels.
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2. What is the empathising-systemising theory?

  • Suggests that men and women's brains both work by empathising and stymieing equally.
  • Suggests these attributes have nothing to do with gender.
  • Proposes that women are good at empathising (dealing with and expressing emotion) and men are good at systemising (constructing systems and reacting logically)
  • Proposes that men are good at empathising (dealing with and expressing emotion) and women are good at systemising (constructing systems and reacting logically)

3. What theory did Taylor et al (2002) propose?

  • The tend and befriend theory
  • The empathising-systemising theory
  • E=mc2
  • The Mate choice theory

4. Who proposed the empathising-systemising theory due to the results of a study?

  • Bunge et al (1999)
  • Borat (1998)
  • Baron-Cohen (2002)
  • Deady et al (1967)

5. What did Hines (1994) study?

  • 25 child-free women (found that those with higher testosterone had less maternal drive)
  • David Reimer
  • Girls born with CAH (exposed to testosterone) showed little difference in gender to a control group of non CAH girls.
  • Batista family

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