Biological approach to gender (Genes and Hormones and the Evolutionary approach)

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1. What did Hines (1994) study?

  • Girls born with CAH (exposed to testosterone) showed little difference in gender to a control group of non CAH girls.
  • David Reimer
  • Batista family
  • 25 child-free women (found that those with higher testosterone had less maternal drive)
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Other questions in this quiz

2. What is the David Reimer case study?

  • Chromosomal male (Bruce) suffered a botched circumcision and was raised a female (Brenda) before re-assigning himself back to male after puberty
  • David Reimer was assigned the female gender after being born chromosomally male and the case was successful, with David remaining female.
  • Chromosomal female (Brenda) was raised as a male due to ambiguous genitals.
  • David Reimer studied a psychologist, Dr Money.

3. What did Deady et al (2006) study?

  • Of 25 child free women those with high testosterone also had high oestrogen levels.
  • Of the 25 child-free women there was no difference in maternal drive.
  • Looked at 25 child-free women and those with higher testosterone had a lower maternal drive.
  • Looked at 25 child-free women and found those with higher testosterone had a higher maternal drive.

4. Who proposed the empathising-systemising theory due to the results of a study?

  • Baron-Cohen (2002)
  • Bunge et al (1999)
  • Borat (1998)
  • Deady et al (1967)

5. Give one A01 approach to the role of genes and hormones in gender development in males.

  • Boys can be born with an extra X chromosome that can cause them to look and feel more feminine.
  • Boys can be born with an extra Y chromosome that causes them to look and feel more feminine.
  • David Reimer example
  • The Batista Family example

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