Biological Approach key terms

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Central Nervous system
Consists of the brain and the spinal cord
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Synapse
The gap between the terminal and the dendrites
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Receptor
A region of tissue, or a molecule in a cell membrane, which responds specifically to a particular neurotransmitter, hormone, antigen, or other substance.
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Neurone
Cells that receive and transmit messages passing them from cell to cell.
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Neurotransmitter
Chemical messengers that act between the neurons in the brain. This allows the brain to process thoughts and memories.
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Genes
Contain sets of instructions and is a carrier of genetic information
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Hormones
a regulatory substance produced in an organism and transported in tissue fluids such as blood or sap to stimulate specific cells or tissues into action
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Brain Lateralisation
Lateralization is the idea that the two halves of the brain's cerebral cortex -- left and right -- execute different functions.
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Genotype
The genetic constitution which is genetic
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Phenotype
When genes interact with each other and the environment. (Physical features)
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Gender
Refers to the development and behaviour of the different sexes in relation to environmental and social aspects.
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Sex
Biological aspects of males and females (Genitalia)
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Hermaphrodites
Characteristics of both sex
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Cortisol
Controls stress responses to control blood sugar levels
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Androgens
Male hormones including testosterone. Controls onset of puberty
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The gap between the terminal and the dendrites

Back

Synapse

Card 3

Front

A region of tissue, or a molecule in a cell membrane, which responds specifically to a particular neurotransmitter, hormone, antigen, or other substance.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Cells that receive and transmit messages passing them from cell to cell.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Chemical messengers that act between the neurons in the brain. This allows the brain to process thoughts and memories.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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