Biological therapies of depression

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Abw97
  • Created on: 28-01-16 11:06
What led to the development of biological treatements?
The combinations of a rise in frequency of depression and an increase in evidence of biological causes.
1 of 15
Explain ECT. (AO1)
Used for severely depressed as a last resort. Unilateral/ Bilateral .... Given anesthetic, nerve block and oxygen. 0.6 amps for 0.5 seconds = seizure lasting 1 minute. Seizure enhances blood flow and neurochemical transmission.
2 of 15
What is the difference between unilateral and bilateral?(AO1)
Unilateral = dominant side of brain and forehead... Bilateral = electrode on each temple. Sakheim = Bilateral is most dangerous, but has equal results.
3 of 15
What did Datto say the side effects of ECT were? (AO2)
Headaches, Impaired memory and Cardiovascular changes.
4 of 15
What did Rose et al say about ECT?(AO2)
One third of patients complained of impaired memory.
5 of 15
What did the DOH say aboout ECT? (AO2)
Last 2 years of those receiving ECT, 30% = permanent fear and anxiety.
6 of 15
What did Rapaport et al find in a case study of ECT? (AO2)
Depression occurred after year separation from husband, attempted suicide 4 times. psychotherapy and antidepressants = little effects. BDI score = 30. 8 sessions of ECT. After 3, little change. Last session, BDI = 7 and no suicidal thoughts.
7 of 15
What ethical issue did the DOH report? (AO2)
770 people received ECT. 59% didn't consent. Those who volunteered didn't receive informed consent.
8 of 15
Explain antidepressants. (AO1)
Moderately --> severely depressed. 4-6 month. Phases = Acute, Continuation and Maintenance... Work by = prevent reabsorption of neurotransmitters by blocking enzyme which breaks them down.
9 of 15
What is the difference between Tricyclics and SSRIs? (AO1)
Trycyclics =blocl re-absorption of neurotransmitters. SSRIs = block re-uptake of mainly serotoni, which increase the amount available to excite neighboring brain cells (prozac)
10 of 15
What did Kirsh et al find about depression? (AO2)
Clinical trials. Those with Severe depression = SSRI advanatage. Moderately depressed = Placebo advantage (hope). In sever = placebo no effect (expectation of anything working lessened)
11 of 15
For those who fail with SSRIs .... (AO2)
.... may have alternative method of non SSRIs.
12 of 15
What did Popakostas et al find about SSRIs and non SSRIs? (AO2)
No difference in effectiveness.
13 of 15
What did Turner et al find about publication bias? (AO2)
Studies with positive results = more likely to be published. Those without positive results = published in a way seen to be positive. Leading to faulty diagnosis.
14 of 15
What did Benek-Higgens et al find about age bias and treatments? (AO2)
Elderly = misdiagnosed. --> natural changes in individual and lifestyle. Antidepressants = less likely given if needed. Elderly less likely to seek advise due to stigma of mental illnesses.
15 of 15

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Explain ECT. (AO1)

Back

Used for severely depressed as a last resort. Unilateral/ Bilateral .... Given anesthetic, nerve block and oxygen. 0.6 amps for 0.5 seconds = seizure lasting 1 minute. Seizure enhances blood flow and neurochemical transmission.

Card 3

Front

What is the difference between unilateral and bilateral?(AO1)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Datto say the side effects of ECT were? (AO2)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Rose et al say about ECT?(AO2)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Depression resources »