Biological Researchers

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  • Created by: kingzi
  • Created on: 12-04-16 14:10
Trivers 1972
Parental investment theory: Offering an explanation about why certain relationships are formed (for example between younger women and older men- because women have to carry their babies and devote more energy towards her offspring, she must choose pa
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Taylor et al 2000
Men usually react to stress in a ‘fight or flight’ manner, and women usually react with a ‘tend and befriend’. This gender difference is seen in many species (women release Oxytocin when they’re stressed)
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–Egas Moniz 1930s
Prefrontal leucotomy (drilling a hole in each side of the skull and insert an ice pick resembling instrument to destroy the nerve fibres)
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Comer 2002
Early practices of psychosurgery were both inappropriate and ineffective (lobotomies had a fatality rate of up to 6% and a range of different side effects (mostly physical) such as brain seizures and little emotional responsiveness)
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Cosgrove and Rauch 2001
Cingulotomy: 56% effective- capsulotomy 67% effective (OCD) _ Cingulotomy 65% effective and in Cingulotomy 55% effective (major affective disorder)
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– Bridges et al 1994
Criticism of psychosurgery (as a treatment of last resort, no controlled trial against a compatible treatment is possible)
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-Mayberg et al 2005
DBS found effective (four out of six patients with depression, striking improvements were observed following stimulation of a small part of the frontal cortex)
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Szasz 1978
Criticism of psychosurgery in general (‘a person’s psychological self is not something physical and therefore is illogical to suggest that it can be operated on’)
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Card 2

Front

Men usually react to stress in a ‘fight or flight’ manner, and women usually react with a ‘tend and befriend’. This gender difference is seen in many species (women release Oxytocin when they’re stressed)

Back

Taylor et al 2000

Card 3

Front

Prefrontal leucotomy (drilling a hole in each side of the skull and insert an ice pick resembling instrument to destroy the nerve fibres)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Early practices of psychosurgery were both inappropriate and ineffective (lobotomies had a fatality rate of up to 6% and a range of different side effects (mostly physical) such as brain seizures and little emotional responsiveness)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Cingulotomy: 56% effective- capsulotomy 67% effective (OCD) _ Cingulotomy 65% effective and in Cingulotomy 55% effective (major affective disorder)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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