Biological Molecules

  • Created by: gsemma
  • Created on: 27-11-18 10:36
Carbohydrates are
simple sugars to complex polysaccharides
1 of 16
Use of carbohydrates
source of energy and structural uses
2 of 16
Water's use
parts of tissue, transport medium and site for chemical reactions
3 of 16
Condensation reaction
2 molecules react together, a water molecue is removed and a bond is formed
4 of 16
H bonds
Slight + charge and forms weak bond with negative atoms.
5 of 16
Hydrolysis reaction
molecule split usign water
6 of 16
Monomer
one unit- can be condensed into polymers
7 of 16
Polymer
many monomers 2 = dimer
8 of 16
What are carbs made of?
carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, like fats. Can tell difference becuse fats have less oxygen, carbs have a 2:1 ratio.
9 of 16
Structual uses or carbs
Cellulose (plants), chitin (fungi and insect shells)
10 of 16
Maltose
Condensation reaction of 2 alpha glucoses. 1:4 glycosidic bond. C1 bonds with C4
11 of 16
Glucose + Glucose
maltose
12 of 16
Glucose + Galactose
Lactose
13 of 16
Glucose + Fructose
Sucrose
14 of 16
Ribose
Pentose sugar - 5 Carbons
15 of 16
Glucose
Hexose sugar - 6 Carbons
16 of 16

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

source of energy and structural uses

Back

Use of carbohydrates

Card 3

Front

parts of tissue, transport medium and site for chemical reactions

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

2 molecules react together, a water molecue is removed and a bond is formed

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Slight + charge and forms weak bond with negative atoms.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all Biological molecules resources »