Biological influences on gender: roles of genes/hormones/brain differences

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1. Males have the hormone _______. Females have the hormone _______.

  • Testosterone and Oestrogen
  • Dopamine and Serotonin
  • Oestrogen and Testosterone
  • Serotonin and Dopamine
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2. Who suggested there were sex differences in the brain?

  • Geswind and Galabaurda
  • Sullivan and Galabaurda
  • Igotswind and Galabingo
  • Geeslouise and Gandalf-the-grey

3. Evaluation: Things that need to be considered in this line of research

  • ethics (damage of reputation)
  • Validity- David Reimer was only one person (low population)
  • ethical issues (socially sensitive) nature vs nurture, real world applications, biological determinism, research methods
  • ethics (family embarassment)

4. What happened in the study?

  • boys turned into girls
  • raised as boys and remained boys
  • raised as girls then developed and treated as males
  • girls turned into boys then turned into lizards

5. Criticisms of the research

  • David Reimer had a problem with cognitive processes -unreliable
  • Biological determinism - The role of genes and hormonesm, in the case of gender differences such differences are inevitable
  • it excludes women (biased)
  • Money manipulated David into thinking he was a girl

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