Biological influences on gender: roles of genes/hormones/brain differences

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1. Who researched the role of testosterone in cases of hermaphroditism? (Bastista family)

  • Milo-danglers et al
  • Mr roboto
  • Imperato-McGiney et al
  • McLovin'
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2. Evaluation: Things that need to be considered in this line of research

  • ethical issues (socially sensitive) nature vs nurture, real world applications, biological determinism, research methods
  • Validity- David Reimer was only one person (low population)
  • ethics (family embarassment)
  • ethics (damage of reputation)

3. Criticisms of the research

  • Money manipulated David into thinking he was a girl
  • Biological determinism - The role of genes and hormonesm, in the case of gender differences such differences are inevitable
  • David Reimer had a problem with cognitive processes -unreliable
  • it excludes women (biased)

4. What happened in the study?

  • boys turned into girls
  • raised as boys and remained boys
  • raised as girls then developed and treated as males
  • girls turned into boys then turned into lizards

5. Why did this occur?

  • Nobody knows
  • Due to an insensitivity to testosterone in the womb
  • They got bored of their own gender and did a switcheroo
  • Due to a sensitivity to oestrogen in the womb


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