Biodiversity- case studies

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Madagascar is a...
Biodiversity hotspot
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Why are their high levels of biodiversity?
Nutrient cycling, isolation, mountain ranges, Low levels of development
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How many species are endemic
90%
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Only ... of madagascar's forest remain
17%
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how much of Madagascar is protected?
3%
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How much do they want to protect?
9%
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How as biodiversity been protected in the past
Breeding programmes for lemur
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Tropical rainforests are home to ....
50% of earth's species
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Threat to rainforests
Palm oil
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China wants 10% of cars to run on...
Palm oil
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What does rainforests provide?
Regulating services for the earths climate as well as a huge habitat
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Southern Ocean Fisheries are used to
Establish a sustainable yield
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Why?
Overfishing of the Krill lead to distrubtion to the food web as many species rely on it
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How is it establsihed?
Can only be fished to a certain quota, licence to fish is essential and boats are moitored and tracked
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Restrictions
Hard to police as it is such a large area
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Daintree
world heritage site in Australia
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Why is it important?
19 primitive plant species; 12 live here
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What does it provide?
intake of carbon, regulation of water quality, 25 % of medicine comes from rainforest, 1/2 million tourists visit every year
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Threats
recreational activities add to destruction, 2 new resorts for tourists, Red Cedar becomes extinct after builder removes all
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Limits to development
ferry capacity limits visitors, solar panel generates energy, Permission for a mcdonalds has been withdrawn. Biosphere area
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Good protection evidence
Cassowary bird is an endangered specie since protection started numbers increased from 54- 500
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Coral reefs are home to ... of marine life
25%
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Services?
Shoreline buffer, food, medicine, limestone for building, Caribbean gains 1/2 of GDP from tourism
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Global warming in the Arcitc
shrinking tundra, increased forest fires, marine life will respond to warmer temperatures and icnreases food supply
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Pristine area
Udzungwa. 50 endemic species as well as iconic species such as elephants and tigers
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How?
Low economic development, bottom up strategies to include locals provide employment e,g, bee keeping. Hunting is prohibited
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Degraded area
Masai Mara- Tanzania
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How?
corruption lead to leakage of funds and areas not protected.
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Protected area
Soufriere marine managment
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How?
Areas set up to limit conflicts between stake holders and reduce pollution levels
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why are their high levels of biodiversity?

Back

Nutrient cycling, isolation, mountain ranges, Low levels of development

Card 3

Front

How many species are endemic

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Only ... of madagascar's forest remain

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

how much of Madagascar is protected?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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