Biodiversity

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What is biodiversity?
The key resource that provides a range of valuable goods and services.
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What are some specific constituents of wellbeing?
Security, Life materials, health, social relations
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What is security?
Personal safety, access to water, protection from disasters
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What are life materials?
Adequate ways of making a living, sufficient food and water
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What is health?
Acess to clean air and water
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What are social relations?
Mutual respect; a sense of belonging, being able to help others
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What is genetic diversity?
The range of genes found within a particular species
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What is species diversity?
The range or variety of plant and animal species present in an ecosystem
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What is ecosystem diversity?
The number of different ecosystems in an area
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What is species richness?
The number of species and the abundance of individual species
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What is species endemism?
The degree to which individual species are confined to a particular area
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What is species disparity?
The differences between species
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What are physical factors which influence biodiversity?
Size of area, climate, rate of nutrient recycling, topography and altitude, degree of isolation and climate change
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What human factors influence biodiversity?
Hunting, fishing, introduction of exotic or alien species, clearance for agriculture and settlement
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What does the ecosystem scorecard identify as the most eco-stressed?
Freshwater ecosystems
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What does the Living Planet index identify as the most seriously threatened?
Freshwater ecosytems are seriously threatened, as well as forest, grassland and marine ecosystems
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What is the IUCN red list?
An annual listing of endangered species that allows for the identification of extinction hotspots.
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What is the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment?
Highlights the tropical grasslands, marine and freshwater ecosystems and rainforests under the greatest threats.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are some specific constituents of wellbeing?

Back

Security, Life materials, health, social relations

Card 3

Front

What is security?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are life materials?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is health?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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