bio unit 4

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what is a habitat, population, community and ecosystem?
place org lives, all org 1 species in habitat, pop diff spec in hab make comm, all org in area +abiotic
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what is abiotic and biotic?
non living (temp, water) living (predation)
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niche and adaptation can do?
role species in a habitat. increased chance survival and repro-inter reduced
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accurate and reliable?
without error. little variation true value
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why statistical test?
results by chance, null reject or accepted, see correlation.
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number of individ of 1 spec in an area. where spec in area
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use random?
avoid bias, representative data, stat test
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anomolies, stat test
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line, belt, interrupted transects?
tape measure along trans species touch measured, quad next to eachother along trans(spec freq/%cover) intervals at trans
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mark release recap?form?
capture, mark, release, count. 1*2 /marked 2
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needs of mark rel recap?
no mig, repro, death, samp same, time, mark stays
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risk assess things? br and dr?
falls, weather, slips. live births per 1,000 in pop per year, deaths per 1,000 in pop per year.
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plant energy for? animnal?
cell divison, protein syn, active trans, photo, dna rep... cell divis, protein syn, dna rep, active trans,body temp, muscle contract.
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atp not only source? photo simply?
not enough, parts of plant no chloro. energy from light used to make glucose
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glucose, carb, fat?
slow, stored glycogen, long term
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photo and resp form?
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adp+pi=? draw ATP
ATP..2 adenine pentagon and hexagon then above a upside down pentagon ribose connected to 3 p.
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ATP good?
release small manageable at a time(not wasted) soluble (transported) easily broke down/ released, cant pass out cell
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metabolic pathway? oil rig?
series of small reactions by enzymes. oxi is loss red is gain
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coenzyme? by transferring? examples? what does coe a trasfer between molecules?
aids function of enzyme. a chemical group. NADP,NAD, COE ,FAD. acetate
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why need ATP in resp and photo?
dark no atp, tissues unable to produce atp, cant be stored, so uses more than produced in photo, atp active trans and syn of glucose.
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double membrane of chloro?stacks of thyla? linked by thyla mem? inner mem? contains?
chloro envelope. grana. lamellae. stroma. enzymes, sugars and organic acids
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LDR in? light energy used to?
thyla membranes. add a p group to adp to form atp (goes to LIR adds to 5c) and turn NADP to red NADP( red GP to TP)
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without ATP and red NADP? photolysis.
less GP conv to TP and less TP conv to RUbp. light split water molec into p e and o 2h2o=4h+ +4e- + o2
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chloro absorb light ener, excite e-, along etc, release ener for adp+pi, photolysis, Nadp red by e- and h+.
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e- do what to carriers? ATP made in LDR?
reduce. excited e- lose energy, energy used to move p ino thyl than stroma, p grad, move down via atp synthase, combine adp+ pi.
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NADP red?
e- transferred to NADP and P from stroma.
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where does co2 enter in leaf? LIR called also? where?
stomata. calvin cycle. stroma
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calvin cycle?
c02(1c) + rubp (5c) 2x gp (3c) 2 ATP, 2 red nadp (added) 2tp (3c) atp (added) back to rubp
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tp forms useful organic substance such as? how many of the 6 used to regenerate rubp? so turn how many times for hex
glucose. 5. 6
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carb, lip and pro usefu from tp and gp?
hex sug= 2 tp together, made using glycerol which is syn from tp and fatty acids (syn from gp) some amino acids made from gp joined to make proteins.
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when line flattens something else becomes l____ factor? true rate phot higher than net? limi factors?
limiting. resp. temp, co2 and light
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need more atp than body mass?
unstable, not stored, aerobic resp musclesneed it, samll amount energy at once
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dry mass more than hex? where glycolysis? anae or aero?
resp, eaten,die. cytoplasm cells. anaero
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glucose(6c) 2atp (added)2tp (3c) 4adp (added) and 2 nad(added) 2pyru formed
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how many atp overall gylcolysis? where does 2 red nad go? where 2 pyru go?
2 oxi phosph, links.
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atp goes in or out mito. and pru and red nad go where.
out. in
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links? occurs twice for every glucose molecule (1 pyruv at a time)
pyru (3c) +c02(1c) nad added forms acetate (2c) +co a= acetylcoa (2c)
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anearobic not in? alcholic and lactate fermentation?
organelles, etc. pyruv gives off co2, red nad added (forms nad) and ethanol forms. pyruv red nad added lactate forms.
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nad is r__ in anearobic? to go ro gl_?
regerneated, glycolysis.
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add enzyme digester?
no digesting enzymes, cellulose polysach, insol, monomers, go glycoly (pyru) more fuel quicker
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Card 2


what is abiotic and biotic?


non living (temp, water) living (predation)

Card 3


niche and adaptation can do?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


accurate and reliable?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


why statistical test?


Preview of the front of card 5
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