Beliefs in Society Keywords

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Functional Definitions
Attempting to explain the function of religion in society
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Ideology
A set of ideas that legitimate the power f a particular group
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Profane
Ordinary, nonreligious aspects of life
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Sacred
Regarded with awe and respect
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Substantive definitions
Attempting to explain what religion actually is
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Totems
Objects such as animals or plant that are believed to have supernatural powers
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Anomie
A state if confusion and normlessness
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Civil religion
Events or activities that involves ritualistic patterns and generate collective sentiments usually associated with established religions
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Collective conscience
Beliefs and values shared by members of society that are essential for social order
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Totemism
A primitive religion involving the worship or certain objects seen to have widespread influence over tribal life
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Ascetic
Self-denying
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Fundamentalist religion
Belief systems that argue that need to return to traditional values and practices.
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Hegemony
Dominance of the ruling class, manipulates beliefs causing the working class to believe that it is societal norm
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Predestination
The belief that an individuals' destiny is fixed before their birth
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Religiosity
The importance of religion in a person's life
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Globalisation
The process whereby social and economic activity spans many nations with little regard for national boarders
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Meta-narritives
'grand' explanations provided by religion, politics and science
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Monopoly of truth
View that only the viewpoint of the holder can be accepted as true
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Religious pluralism
Where a variety of religions co-exists, all of which are considered to have equal validity.
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Spiritual shoppers
Postmodern idea that people consume religion in much the same way as any other product.
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Holistic milieu
Range of activities involving the mind, body and spirit
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Resacrilisation
Renewed interest and belief in religions ans therefore a religious revival
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Disengagement
Where religious institutions become less engaged with wider aspects of social life
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Rationalisation
Use of reason and science to replace spiritual and religious thinking
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Religious Pluralism
Where a variety of religious beliefs co-exists, all are considered to have equal validity
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Secularisation
The process in society where religious beliefs and practices lose their social significance
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Vicarious religion
Where a small number of clergy practise religion on behalf of a large number of people who experience it second hand
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A set of ideas that legitimate the power f a particular group

Back

Ideology

Card 3

Front

Ordinary, nonreligious aspects of life

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Regarded with awe and respect

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Attempting to explain what religion actually is

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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