beliefs in society

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  • Created by: bexo95
  • Created on: 12-05-14 20:49
Hunt
There is nothing new about NRM, they have been around for 200 years, but thanks to globalisation people are now more awear of NRM, has been an acceleration in growth.
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Bruce (Modernity)
Growth of NAM is latest phase of modern society. They focus on the individual, so appeal to werterners. They are called client cults, don't demand much. 'Pic and mix spiritual shopping', reigions reflects capitalist society.
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Beckford
Studies Jehovah's witness, questioned the siginificance of marginality and relative dep. as many were U/M class, and no signs of deprivation.
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Stark and Bainbridge
Created the sect cycle. Argue sect and World-rejecting M will increase, but will eventually die out as leader often dies eg Jim Jones or tension with wider society reduces,
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World affirming movement
Wallis- similar to cults, NAM. They accept the world as it is, encourage this wordly benefits, indiviaual spirituality. Don't have hierachy, but a 'teacher'. Don't claim monopoly, see members as clients and carry out normal lives, scientology
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World rejecting movement
Wallis- Similar to sects, look for radical change, isolate themselevs. Other worldly benefits. Claim exclusive monopoly, intolerant of others. Achieved status, must be devoted, or will be shunned. Simple hierachy, on leader. Jim Jones, Manson Family.
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World accomodating movement
Wallis- From Church or demininations, neither reject or accept society. Have this worldly benefits. They aim to restore spirituality, don't claim monopoly, open to other views. Members have conventional lives, achieved status.
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Neibuhr
sects don't last after one gen. because: -second gen lack the commitment of their parents. -members work hard as practice of the religion, and are now not marginalised, leaving w rejecting m behind. -In sects, death of leader, so it collapses.
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Wallis
Says cults aren't as long lasting, they wither die out as once members have what they need, they leave, or are transformed to meet the needs of the changing demand. W affirming will more likely change to suit 'customers'
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Poland and cultural defence
The Soviet Union imposed communist rule in Poland, Catholic church was suppressed, my many Poles used the church, which played a part in bringing down communism.
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Iranian revolution and cultural defence
Western powers had influence in Iran, the Shah introduced western values. The Shah made rapid modernisation and westernisation. Islam then became resistance to the change,1979 revolution created Islamic republic, where state used Shari'a law.
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Card 2

Front

Growth of NAM is latest phase of modern society. They focus on the individual, so appeal to werterners. They are called client cults, don't demand much. 'Pic and mix spiritual shopping', reigions reflects capitalist society.

Back

Bruce (Modernity)

Card 3

Front

Studies Jehovah's witness, questioned the siginificance of marginality and relative dep. as many were U/M class, and no signs of deprivation.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Created the sect cycle. Argue sect and World-rejecting M will increase, but will eventually die out as leader often dies eg Jim Jones or tension with wider society reduces,

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Wallis- similar to cults, NAM. They accept the world as it is, encourage this wordly benefits, indiviaual spirituality. Don't have hierachy, but a 'teacher'. Don't claim monopoly, see members as clients and carry out normal lives, scientology

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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