Beliefs Key Terms (1)

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Religion
Form of belief system which seeks to explain the origins of the natural world and of humans.
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Ideology
Set of ideas which provide a particular vision or way of seeing and interpreting the world, express and legitimate the interest of particular social or political group.
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Beliefs
Shape the way we see the world and influences how we live.
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Pluralism
View that sees power in society spread among a wide variety of interest groups and individuals with no single one having a monopoly on power.
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Patriarchy
Male dominated society.
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Hegemony
Gramsci's idea (Marxist). Refers to the dominance in society of the ruling class set of ideas over others and acceptance of and consent to them by the rest of society.
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Dominant ideology
Set of ideas and beliefs of the most powerful groups in society usually associated with Marxist ideas of the ruling class.
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Objectivity
Approaching a topic with an open mind avoiding bias and being prepared to submit research evidence to scrutiny by other researchers.
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Value freedom
Similar to objectivity, idea that beliefs and prejudices of a researcher should not influence the way research is carried out and evidence interpreted.
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Pluralist ideology
Set of ideas or beliefs reflecting the pluralist view of the distribution of power with no particular group to dominance.
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Emperical evidence
Observable evidence collected in the physical or social world.
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Paradigm
Khun. Set of values, ideas, beliefs and assumptions providing a model or framework within which scientists operate and guidelines for the conduct of research.
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False consciousness
Distorted view of reality prevents poor from acting to change their situation.
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Alienation
Lack of power, control, fulfilment and satisfaction experienced by workers in a capitalist society where the means of producing goods are privately owned and controlled.
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Female subordination
Women are in a lower position in comparison to men.
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Modernity
Period of the application of rational principles and logic to the understanding and development and organisation of human societies.
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Disenchantment
Referes to the process whereby the magical and mystical elements of life are eroded as understandings of the world based on religion, faith and magic.
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Fundamentalism
Return to the literal meaning of religious texts and associated behaviour.
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Sacred
Things set apart and forbidden and inspire feelings of awe.
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Profane
Things have no special significance and are mundane.
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Totem
Sacred object representing and having symbolic significance and importance for a group.
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Collective conscience
Shared beliefs and values which from moral ties binding communities together and regulating individual behaviour.
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Civil Religion
Belief system attaching sacred values to society.
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Marginality
Some people are pushed to the margins or edges of society by poverty, lack of education and face social exclusion.
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Value Consensus
Widespread agreement around the main values of society.
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Polytheistic religion
Male and Female Gods.
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Monotheistic religion
One God one gender (mainly males) and inequality is beginning to be seen.
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Animism
Early form of religion, animals have soul and spirits (Taylor).
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Social solidarity
Integration of people into society through shared values, a common culture, shared understandings and social ties that bind them together.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Set of ideas which provide a particular vision or way of seeing and interpreting the world, express and legitimate the interest of particular social or political group.

Back

Ideology

Card 3

Front

Shape the way we see the world and influences how we live.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

View that sees power in society spread among a wide variety of interest groups and individuals with no single one having a monopoly on power.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Male dominated society.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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