Beliefs in society - Topic 1

Consensus theory
Agreement theory that inhibits social change
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Functionalist View
Society made up of separate which support overall harmony
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Religious Functions (Durkhiem)
Norms and values, social cohesion, events + normlessness
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Anomie (Normlessness)
Making sense of the world and belonging to a wider community
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Marxist View
Based around competition, power + status
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Economic system that shows huge no of people owning the power and wealth
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Evaluation (Functionalism)
Decline in religion, disruptive, doesn't see social change
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Set of ideas used by the government to control society
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Functionalism + Religion
Acts a conservative force, promotes social cohesion
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Criticisms of Functionalism + Religion
No harmony, ignores social change, secularisation
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Examples of ISA
Media, education, religion
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Criticisms of Marxism
Complex structure, less exploitation
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Marxism + Religion
Prevents demands, stops social change, justifies social order
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Criticisms of Marxism + Religion
Not always prevent social change, religion is universal
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Feminist View
Equality for both genders on social, political and economic values
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Simone De Beauvoir
Religion acted to oppress women
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Lasting impact of feminist movement
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Feminism + Religion
Religious ceremonies + scriptures
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Examples of Patriarchy in scripture
Bible - women's role are nurturing, caring and birth giving which reinforces gender norms
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Max Weber
Studied Calvinism and their beliefs, said that Protestant ethic was the spirit of capitalism
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Calvinist Belief
Predestination, work hard, no unproductive activities, reinvest
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God chooses your life course, chooses who goes to heaven and who goes to hell
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Evaluation of Max Weber
Only suggestion, not all protestants become capitalists, not all capitalist countries began with protestants
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Meridith McGuire
Acts as either radical or conservative force depending on position in society
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Antonio Gramsci (Neo-Marxism)
Agreed with Marxism HOWEVER not only role it played
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Passing of ideas + values
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Counter Hegemony
Challenges hegemonic ideas
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Hegemonic Control
Passing on ideas and values in secret
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Evaluation of Neo-Marxist
Questioned how central religion was in MLK campain, not all his messages were religious
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Religious Fundamentalism
Returning to the fundamentals of any religion, acts as conservative force
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Wilson - Decline in religious belief + influence
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Less RE in schools, church attendance declined, affiliation has declined
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Powerful + influential to society, responsible for influencing, making + passing laws in Uk
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Looking to scientific evidence to explain life
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Sacred explanations give way to scientific rational explanations
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Privatisation of faith
Practising faith in comfort of own home/privately
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Grace Davie
High affiliation + low attendance, believing WITHOUT belonging
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Abbie Day
Low affiliation + high attendance, believing IN belonging
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Evaluation of Secularisation
Abbie Day, Rationalisation, Lynch
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Describes the isolating, dehumanizing, and disenchanting effects of working within a capitalist system of production
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Economic system which there's government ownersip of goods and their production
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Theoretical perspective that derives social processes (such as conflict, cooperation, identity formation) from human interaction
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Society made up of separate which support overall harmony


Functionalist View

Card 3


Norms and values, social cohesion, events + normlessness


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


Making sense of the world and belonging to a wider community


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


Based around competition, power + status


Preview of the back of card 5
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