Beliefs; Functionalism

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1. Theory may explain social integration within communities, but not the conflicts between them.

  • A criticism on Bellah
  • A criticism on Durkheim
  • A criticism Malinowski
  • A criticism on Parsons
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2. Agrees with Durkheim that religion promotes solidarity. Does this by performing psychological functions for individuals, helping them cope with stress.

  • Durkheim
  • Malinowski
  • Parsons
  • Bellah

3. He sees religion helping individuals to cope with unforeseen events and uncontrollable outcomes. Religion is a primary source of meaning.

  • Durkheim
  • Parsons
  • Bellah
  • Malinowski

4. "religion provides something 'different and special for believers', produces a collective conscientious, when people worship sacred symbols, they are worshipping society itself"

  • Worsley
  • Bellah
  • Durkheim
  • Parsons

5. Argues that what unifies America is a civil religion - a belief system that attaches sacred qualities to society itself. Civil religion integrates society.

  • Bellah
  • Malinowski
  • Parsons
  • Durkheim

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