Beliefs and Ideas

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  • Created by: QUIETONE
  • Created on: 07-03-16 12:46

1. Which statement about the consequences of living in a "post modern society" is LEAST accurate?

  • Postmodernity has lead to a decrease in the number of NRM, as people have lost faith in any religious narrative
  • Post modernity has led to a rise in spiritual shopper; someone looks for personal fulfillment in religion rather than seeking ultimate truths.
  • Traditional relious institutions have lost moral authority and are now less significant.
  • None - they are all accurate
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2. Which Statement about Berger's analysis of religion is LEAST accurate?

  • All of them
  • the metaphor that Berger uses is that of the "sacred canopy"; the idea that religion deceives its believers into being content with the world
  • Analysis is interpretatist rather than structuralist
  • The idea that religion provides a theodicy.

3. What is the least accurate definition that describes an aspect of substansive definitions of religion?

  • Durkhiem was critical of these definitions as they were too vague and ill defined.
  • Taylor in 1903 is an example of a sociologist who advocated this definition.
  • Substantive definitions excludes phenomena such as New Age Movements, Pagan beliefs and Voodoo magic.
  • Definitions, focus on the exsistance of belief in spiritual beings

4. Which statement about secularization is LEAST accurate?

  • Classical sociologists (e.g. Marx and Weber) disagreed on the extent to which science would usurp religion.
  • secularization holds that as science is better able to origins the world; there would be a loss of faith in religion.
  • In the future this would be private matter rather than public.

5. Which of the following, LEAST accurately describes aspects of totems and animism?

  • Animism involves a belief in the agency of spirits
  • Toteism is a belief that the sun and the moon and other celestial bodies are supernatural in nature
  • Both are associated with tribal societies and are known as primal-indigenous

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