Behaviourist Approach

HideShow resource information
Assumption
Studying behaviour that can be observed and measured
1 of 13
John Watson rejected it (said it was too vague and uneasy to measure)
Introspection
2 of 13
learning through association (Pavlov's dogs)
Classical conditioning
3 of 13
Learning is an active process where humans and animals operate on their environment
Operant conditioning
4 of 13
Receiving a reward when a certain behaviour is performed
Positive reinforcement
5 of 13
Avoiding something unpleasant that will happen if they don't do what they should do
Negative reinforcement
6 of 13
Unpleasant consequence of behaviour
Punishment
7 of 13
Increases the likelihood of the behaviour continuing
Reinforcements
8 of 13
Decreases the likelihood of the behaviour continuing
Punishment
9 of 13
Experiments are replicable so gave behaviourism greater credibility and status
Scientific credibility
10 of 13
Operant conditioning is the basis of token economy systems
Real-life application
11 of 13
Animals are seen as passive and machine like responders to the environment
Mechanistic
12 of 13
Animals were exposed to stressful conditions which may have affected the outcomes of the experiments
Unethical
13 of 13

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

John Watson rejected it (said it was too vague and uneasy to measure)

Back

Introspection

Card 3

Front

learning through association (Pavlov's dogs)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Learning is an active process where humans and animals operate on their environment

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Receiving a reward when a certain behaviour is performed

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Approaches resources »