1. The Biological/maturational theory of development proposes that?
- Development takes place as a result of instructions laid down in the genes controlled and exerted by hormones.
- Maturation is a process of self-regulation.
- Development takes place as a result of the influence of the environment on the growing child.
- The environment and genetics work in equal co-operation to determine the outcomes of a child’s development.
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2. What is Synaptogenesis?
- The strengthening of memory by creating various different connections to a memory
- The storing of new information and consequential learning
- Pruning-where connections that are repeatedly used become permanent while those that are not used begin to die.
- When new connections is formed between neurones
3. What is the zone of proximal development?
- A range of aspects which allow for development.
- Identified by Vygotsky- the gap between what a child can do alone and what it can do with help from others.
- Identified by Bruner- the gap between what a child can do alone and what it can do with help from others.
- Rules regarding proximity which allow comfort ensuring learning can take place.
4. In 1930 what did Konrad discover from his studies involving ducklings?
- That attachment is different in mammals and birds.
- That there is no ‘critical’ period for attachment.
- That there are ‘critical’ periods in the early days of mammals and some birds when attachment needs to take place between infant and mother.
- That patterns of maturation are triggered by Brain messages.
5. In Piaget’s stage theory what is the name of the stage children go through from the age of 0-2 years?
- Concrete operational
- Formal operational