Behaviourism/social learning theory, Maturational theory, Social Constructivism, Cognitive and Brain development.

1. What are Piaget’s three sub processes related to schemas?

  • Assimilation, Accommodation and Equilibration
  • Unoccupied, onlooker and solitary.
  • Adult, child and parent
  • Retrieval, evaluation and storing
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2. DiFranza, Aligne and Weitzman 2004 state that?

  • When the children of smoking and non-smoking mothers reach school age the effects of smoking on height and weight are minor.
  • When the children of smoking and non-smoking mothers reach school age the effects of smoking on height and weight are evident.
  • At 3 years the brain is at 75% of its adult weight.
  • When the children of smoking and non-smoking mothers reach school age the effects of smoking on height and weight are not evident.

3. Lindon 2010 discusses that?

  • The studies involving Bobo dolls have been deemed inaccurate
  • Babies begin with unconditioned stimulus and responses however when new stimulus are introduced this changes to a conditioned stimulus and response.
  • The environment has little influence on children’s development
  • Behaviourism/learning theory places greater emphasis on Nature over Nurture

4. In 1930 what did Konrad discover from his studies involving ducklings?

  • That patterns of maturation are triggered by Brain messages.
  • That there are ‘critical’ periods in the early days of mammals and some birds when attachment needs to take place between infant and mother.
  • That there is no ‘critical’ period for attachment.
  • That attachment is different in mammals and birds.

5. The Biological/maturational theory of development proposes that?

  • The environment and genetics work in equal co-operation to determine the outcomes of a child’s development.
  • Maturation is a process of self-regulation.
  • Development takes place as a result of instructions laid down in the genes controlled and exerted by hormones.
  • Development takes place as a result of the influence of the environment on the growing child.

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