Behaviourism/social learning theory, Maturational theory, Social Constructivism, Cognitive and Brain development.

1. In Piaget’s stage theory what is the name of the stage children go through from the age of 0-2 years?

  • Concrete operational
  • Formal operational
  • Sensorimotor
  • Preoperational
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2. What is Synaptogenesis?

  • The storing of new information and consequential learning
  • Pruning-where connections that are repeatedly used become permanent while those that are not used begin to die.
  • The strengthening of memory by creating various different connections to a memory
  • When new connections is formed between neurones

3. What is the zone of proximal development?

  • Identified by Bruner- the gap between what a child can do alone and what it can do with help from others.
  • Identified by Vygotsky- the gap between what a child can do alone and what it can do with help from others.
  • Rules regarding proximity which allow comfort ensuring learning can take place.
  • A range of aspects which allow for development.

4. Negative reinforcement is what?

  • The process of reducing a behaviour through use of punishment
  • The process of strengthening behaviour by removal of an unpleasant stimulus
  • The process of strengthening a desired behaviour through use of punishment
  • The process of strengthening behaviour by introducing an unpleasant stimulus

5. Who considered the environment cited by Lindon as ‘a set of nested structures, each inside the next, like a set of Russian Dolls’?

  • Piaget
  • Bronfenbrenner
  • Bruner
  • Vygotsky

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