Behaviourism/social learning theory, Maturational theory, Social Constructivism, Cognitive and Brain development.

1. Negative reinforcement is what?

  • The process of reducing a behaviour through use of punishment
  • The process of strengthening behaviour by introducing an unpleasant stimulus
  • The process of strengthening behaviour by removal of an unpleasant stimulus
  • The process of strengthening a desired behaviour through use of punishment
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2. What are Piaget’s three sub processes related to schemas?

  • Retrieval, evaluation and storing
  • Unoccupied, onlooker and solitary.
  • Assimilation, Accommodation and Equilibration
  • Adult, child and parent

3. According to Lindon, 2010 Maturation is?

  • Identical for all individuals
  • Universal, sequential, impervious to environmental influence.
  • A process determined by physical appearance.
  • Strongly influenced by the environment.

4. What is the zone of proximal development?

  • Identified by Bruner- the gap between what a child can do alone and what it can do with help from others.
  • Identified by Vygotsky- the gap between what a child can do alone and what it can do with help from others.
  • Rules regarding proximity which allow comfort ensuring learning can take place.
  • A range of aspects which allow for development.

5. Which key theorists are involved with the behaviourist/learning theory?

  • Gesell and Lorenz
  • Watson and Raynor, Bandura, Pavlov, Skinner
  • Piaget
  • Vygotsky, Bruner, Bronfenbrenner

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