Behaviorism

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  • Created by: EliseCeri
  • Created on: 03-02-16 21:42
name the assumptions of behaviorism
1) Observable + measurable behavior 2) not interested in internal mental processes 3)basic processes that govern learning are the same in all species 4) use animals 5) lab experiments
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What are the two types of conditioning in Behaviorism
Classical and Operant
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What is classical conditioning?
It is learning by association.
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What are the key concepts of Classical Conditioning?
Unconditioned stimulus, unconditioned response, neutral stimulus, conditioned stimulus, conditioned response
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What is operant conditioning?
learning from consequences
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What are the types of reinforcements in operant conditioning?
Positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, punishment
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What is meant by positive reinforcement?
receiving a reward when a certain behavior is performed
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What is meant by Negative reinforcement?
When a behaviour is encourage to avoid something (ie. Pushing button to avoid an electric shock)
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what is meant by punishment?
an unpleasant response to a behavior (i.e being shouted at)
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What Psychologist performed the experiment with rats and pigeons
SKINNER!!
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Explain the Skinner experiment
rats/ pigeons put in specifically designed cages and forced to either activate a leaver or peck a disk to receive food
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What type of reinforcement does the Skinner experiment show?
Positive reinforcement
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Why is scientific credibility a positive thing about behaviorism
They have highly controlled lab experiments that will result in objective data that is extremely reliable.
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Why is Real life application a positive thing about behaviorism
Used in real life situation- token economy system in prisons to encourage people to behave well in return for privileges
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Name two ethical issues of Behaviorism
Mechanistic view of behaviors and ethical issues with animals
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Card 2

Front

What are the two types of conditioning in Behaviorism

Back

Classical and Operant

Card 3

Front

What is classical conditioning?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the key concepts of Classical Conditioning?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is operant conditioning?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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