Battle of Stamford Bridge

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  • Created on: 29-04-18 14:03
Which area of England did Harold choose to defend and why?
The South, as William was closer to England than Harald.
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Why did William not get across before Harald?
Because the weather prevented him from sailing.
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Why did Harold win the battle of Stamford Bridge?
Harald was killed early on. The vikings were not expecting the army so soon so they were caught by surprise. Some of them didn't even have armour.
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Why is it called the Battle of Stamford Bridge?
One viking defended a bridge so that the English army could not get across.
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When was the battle of Hastings?
14th October 1066.
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Why was Harold at a disadvantage?
His army had just marched down the length of England so were extremely tired.
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At the beginning, who was likely to win and why?
Harold had the high ground and a powerful shield wall. Early on, it looked like he would win.
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What rumour circulated the battlefield and how did William quell it?
People believed that William was dead so William took of his helmet and announced that he was alive.
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How did William win?
He pretended to retreat so that the Saxons chased after them, breaking the shield wall and losing the high ground.
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What happened to Harold in the Battle?
He was disembowelled.
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What tapestry famously shows us a Norman perspective of the Battle of Hastings and its lead up.
The Bayeux Tapestry.
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When was William crowned king?
25th December.
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What book did William record all the possessions of his subjects in?
The Domesday Book
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What area of England rebelled against William and why?
The North, because they supported Harald.
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How did William destroy the North?
He set fire to buildings and sowed the land with salt so nothing would grow, therefore causing a famine.
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Where was the Domesday book created?
Winchester.
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True of false, females were recorded in the Domesday book.
False.
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What was the order of importance in the Feudal system?
King, Barons, Knights, Freemen, Villein.
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Describe the job of a king.
Rule the country and give it out to Barons who swear homage - land in return for soldiers when they are needed.
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Describe the job of a baron.
They had more land than they needed so they gave it to knights in return for service.
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Describe the job of a knight.
They had more land than they needed so they gave it out to freemen and villeins who gave money, goods and week work in return.
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What was the feudal system?
A system for keeping everyone under control.
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What sort of castles were built early on in William's reign?
Motte and Bailey.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why did William not get across before Harald?

Back

Because the weather prevented him from sailing.

Card 3

Front

Why did Harold win the battle of Stamford Bridge?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why is it called the Battle of Stamford Bridge?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was the battle of Hastings?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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