Baillargeons explanation of infant abilitites

What did biallergeon believe about infants under 8-9 months of age?
That they had a very primitive understanding of the nature of the physical world.
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What did baillergeon claim about infants knowledge on the physical world?
they arent aware that objects continue to exist after they leave the visual field
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What was piagets reasoning based on?
His research showing that from this age babies would reach for an object removed from their view but prior to this they would immediatley lose interest when out of sight.
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Why were researchers critical of piagets research?
some would say babies do not pursue a hidden object simply because they dont have the motor skills. Or they may lose interest because their abilities of selected attention are not well enough developed to stop them getting distracted
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Baillergeon explains Voe as follows in an experiement
In a typical experment infants see 2 test events: an expected event which is consistent witht the expectation examined in the experiment and an unexpected event which violates this expectation.
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What are baillergeons beliefs?
nativist approach certain skills or abilities are hard wired
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What will usually happen in a VOE research?
infants will see two or more objects which pass in or out of sight
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Who took part in the experiment?
24 infants aged 5-6 months
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What did they show particpants?
Large/Small carrot moving along a track and passing behind a screen with a window in it
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In the possible condition what is meant to happen?
tall rabbit is seen passing the window but the short one cannot.
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In the impossible condition what is meant to happen?
neither rabbit appeared in the window
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How long did the infants look at the impossible event for?q
The infants looked at the impossible event for 33.07 seconds
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How long did infants look at the possible condition for?
25.11 seconds
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How did the researcher interpret these results?
they interpreted this as meaning that the infants were surprised at impossible condition.For them to be surprised it follow that they must of known the big rabbit should appear behind the window. This demonstrates understanding of object permenance
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What did baillergeon propose about the physical reasoning system?
that humans are hard wired to have a basic understanding of a physical world and ability to learn more details easily.
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What are we initially born with?
a primitive awareness of the physical properties of the world and this becomes more sophisticated as we learn from experience.
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what is object persistance?
the idea that an object remains in existance and doesnt spontaneously alter in structure
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What do children do in terms of event categorising?
in the first few weeks of life infants identify event categories.Each event category corresponds to one way in which object interact.For example occlusion takes place when one object blocks the view of another
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What is the reason they can understand baillergeons rabbit/carrot should be seen?
They are born with a basic understanding of object persistamce and quickly learn that one object can block the other by the time they are tested in tasks VOE children have a good understanding rabbits tall objects would be seen in a window
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Why does the impossible event capture the infants attention?
because the nature of PRS means they are predisposed to attend to new events that might allow them to develop their understanding of the physical world
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What did baillergeon claim about infants knowledge on the physical world?

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they arent aware that objects continue to exist after they leave the visual field

Card 3

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What was piagets reasoning based on?

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Card 4

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Why were researchers critical of piagets research?

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Card 5

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Baillergeon explains Voe as follows in an experiement

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