Bad Leadership 1174-1204

  • Created by: Emilia1
  • Created on: 24-05-17 12:23
Why did the attack on Egypt in September 1177 never happen?
Count Philip of Flanders and a Greek Fleet arrived at Acre but never attack Egypt because of arguments over who should rule the land if it was conquered
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When did Count Philip of Flanders and Raymond of Tripoli fail to capture Hama and Harim?
1177
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When did Saladin defeat the Frankish army at Marj Ayyun?
June 1179
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Why was Saladin able to destroy Jacob's Ford in August 1179?
Baldwin IV failed to get a relief force there in time
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What did Reynald of Chatillon do during the Winter of 1183-83?
He launched a campaign to humiliate Saladin while disrupting trade and pilgrim traffic between Egypt, Mecca and Medina
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What did Reynald do in 1183 to humiliate Saladin further?
Deployed Frankish warships in the gulf of Aqaba but were only captured once they had caused a lot of damage to Muslim ships, towns and pilgrim caravans
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When did Saladin form a commercial links with Genoa and Pisa?
1177
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Who was the truce made in summer 1183 made between?
Saladin and Bohemond III of Antioch
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Why was Guy's shadowing of Saladin in Autumn 1183 a political failure?
His enemies accused him of incompetence and persuaded Baldwin IV to ***** him of his regency
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Why was Sibylla's marriage to Guy of Lusignan in Spring 1180 down to Christian disunity?
Baldwin IV feared she would marry Balian of Ibelin a supporter of Raymond of Tripoli so under his mother Agnes's influence he married her to Guy (a vassal of Henry II of England)
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When did Saladin make a truce with the Armenian ruler of Cilicia Roupen III?
1180
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When did Baldwin IV try and annul the marriage of Guy and Sibylla and asked Raymond to take over as regent?
1185
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What divisions occurred after Baldwin IV's death in 1185?
Raymond gathered support in Tiberius, Sibylla had wide support but Guy was unpopular, Raymond argued Isabella and Humphrey of Toron should be King but Humphrey gave support to Guy, Ray and Balien of Ibelin refused to ackn Guy, rumors Ray+Saladin truc
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What did Reynald of Chatillon do in Winter 1186
Attacked a Muslim caravan travelling from Cairo to Damascus violating the truce
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What happened at the Springs of Cresson in May 1187?
The military orders attacked Saladin, only 4 knights escaped alive
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When did Bohemond III of Antioch agree to a truce with Saladin and why?
May 1187 because of taqi al-Din's vicious raids
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Who persuaded Guy to attack Saladin July 1187?
Reynald of Chatillon and Gerald de Ridefort Master of the Templars
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Why were the Christians so easily defeated at the Battle of Hattin in July 1187?
They had let themselves be cornered in a waterless area
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Why was Saladin able to capture Kerak and Montreal in 1188?
Due to Frankish isolation
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What happened in June 1190 which had a huge impact on the Third Crusade?
Frederick Barbarossa drowned while crossing a ford in Southern Cilicia
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What created a succession issue in the house of Jerusalem in 1190?
Queen Sibylla and her daughters died, which meant the blood-line of Jerusalem rested with Isabella
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What did Conrad do in 1190 to try and undermine King Guy's authority?
He married Isabella in November even though she was married to Humphrey of Toron, Conrad's wife was still alive and they were technically related but a Pisan churchman was persuaded to annul the marriage
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When did the divisions in the Third Crusade become prominent?
May 1191 when Guy visited Richard in Cyprus and swore homage to him and Conrad secured support from Phillip
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Why did Conrad make the divisions of the Third Crusade worse in 1191?
He often refused to work with Richard and made his own negotiations with Saladin
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When did Phillip leave for France?
August 1191
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What did Richard want to do after reaching Jaffa in September 1191?
He would have rather take Ascalon as a link between Syria and Egypt than march to Jerusalem
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What did the Latin nobles of the East and the military orders want the Crusade to do?
They emphasized the need to consolidate the coast
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When did Richard retreat from Beit Nuba the first time and why?
Janurary 1192 as he feared they wouldn't be able to take Jerusalem if it was taken
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What did a council decide in April 1192 about who should rule the Kingdom?
Conrad would be king and Guy was given Cyprus
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What happened in April 1192 that split the Christians again?
Conrad was murdered in Tyre by Assassins and Richard was blamed to have contracted it so when he returned to Europe he was forced to in disguise
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What news arrived from Europe in April 1192?
Prince John had exiled Richard's viceroy William Longchamp and was attempting a coup and Phillip was plotting with him
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Why did the Third Crusade not take Egypt?
Richard tried to persuade the army of the idea but the French wouldn't co-operate
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What happened when Raymond (son of Bohemond III) died in 1194?
He left an infant Raymond-Roupen and Bohemond of Tripoli allied with the Templars and over threw his father and took Antioch, the Pope made him return power to Bohemond III
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What problems did Pope Innocent III face when calling the Forth Crusade in November 1199?
France and England were at war as Richard was trying to reclaim the land Phillip had taken when he was in the East. Germany was torn between two rival claimants to the throne; Philip of Swabia and Otto of Brunswick
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When did 6 negotiators (including Geoffrey of Villehardouin) commission the Venetians to provide vessels for 33,000 Crusaders?
February 1201
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What happened when Bohemond III died in 1201?
A succession crisis between Bohemond of Tripoli and Raymond-Roupen. Bohemond allied with the Templars and seized Antioch but Raymond doesn't give up and Antioch is plunged into war
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When does Pope Innocent refuse to help Alexius IV?
February 1202
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What happens in June 1202?
only 1/3 of the 33,000 crusaders arrive in Venice
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Why were the Crusaders left suffering on the Island of Lido in August 1202?
They couldn't pay their debt to the Venetians and Boniface had only just arrived in Venice
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Why does Boniface leave for Rome in September 1102?
He did not agree with the attack on Zara
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Why was Zara prevented from surrendering peacefully to the crusaders in November 1202?
Simon of Montfort knew the Pope had forbidden the Crusade to attack Zara so he told Zara he would not attack and that they could defend themselves against the Venetians
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When and why were the Venetians officially excommunicated?
In February 1203 as they refused to admit their sin of attacking Zara
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Why didn't the majority of the Crusading army not want to help Alexios IV?
They didn't want to anger the Pope again, they had already been delayed
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What happened when the Crusading Barons signed a treaty committing the Crusade to help Alexios in February 1203?
It was very unpopular making hundreds make their own way to the Holy Land or return to Europe
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Why were the Crusaders forced to attack Constantinople in July 1203?
No peaceful coup would take place and their contract for transportation had expired and they were duty bound to help ALexios
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When Alexios V killed Alexios IV why did the Crusaders remain in Constantinople?
They couldn't afford to pay the Venetians for transport and they had low food supplies
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When Alexios V killed Alexios IV why did the Crusaders remain in Constantinople?
They couldn't afford to pay the Venetians for transport and they had low food supplies
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When did Count Philip of Flanders and Raymond of Tripoli fail to capture Hama and Harim?

Back

1177

Card 3

Front

When did Saladin defeat the Frankish army at Marj Ayyun?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why was Saladin able to destroy Jacob's Ford in August 1179?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Reynald of Chatillon do during the Winter of 1183-83?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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