B9

What type of reaction is aerobic respiration?
Exothermic
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What is the word equation for aerobic respiration?
*
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Where does aerobic respiraton take place?
In the mitochondria
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What can the energy from respiration be used for in animals?
Basic functions, muscles contract, internal body temp
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What can the energy from respiration be used for in plants?
Move mineral ions and the creation of amino acids
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What do your muscles store glucose as?
Glycogen
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What is a good thing about glycogen?
That it can be converted to glucose rapidly during exercise
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What happens to your body during exercise?
Heart rate increases, breathing rate increases and glycogen converted to glucose
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What is the word equation for anaerobic respiration?
*
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What is the build up of lactic acid called?
Oxygen debt
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Why do you carry on breathing fast after exercise?
Because you need to convert the lactic acid into glucose
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What happens when it has been converted into glucose in the liver?
It can be broken down into carbon dioxide and water and this process needs oxygen
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What is the word equation for oxygen debt replacement?
*
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What do plants form when they respire anaerobically?
Ethanol and carbon dioxide
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What is the equation for yeast?
*
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What is metabolism of an organism?
The sum of all the reactions that take place in a cell or the body
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What are three common metabolic reactions?
Respiration, photosynthesis and urea breakdown
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What are the three things the liver does?
Detoxifying poisonous substances- ethanol from alcoholic drinks, breakdown products into blood and breaking down old worn blood cells and strong iron until it is needed to synthesise more blood cells
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the word equation for aerobic respiration?

Back

*

Card 3

Front

Where does aerobic respiraton take place?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What can the energy from respiration be used for in animals?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What can the energy from respiration be used for in plants?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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