B671

self-completion questionnaires
respondents complete the questionnaire themselves and then return it to the researcher
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interview questionnaires
questions are read out to the respondent by the researcher who then records the respondents answers
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closed questions
respondents are presented with either a list of options or a two way choice and have to select the resonse with which way they most agree
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open questions
respondents are free to answer the question in any way that they like;there are no preset options
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trends
patterns of behaviour or attitudes seen in evidence
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standardised questions
all respondents are asked the same questions in the same order, allowing for comparisons to be made
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low response rate
not evryone that you want to pericipate in your research may do so, meaning that your respondents may no longer be typical of the population under study
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statistics
data presented in a numerical form as a percentage
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quantitative data
numerical data, often presened as statistics
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qualitative data
in depth data usually prsented in a written form
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structured interview
a set of standardised preset questions is read out to the respondent by the researcher
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unstructure interview
a very flexible interview more like a converstion. instead of a list of questionsn to answer the researcher is more likely just to have general topics or ideas to dicuss
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semi structured interview
somewhere in betwen a structured and an unstructured interview meaning that the researcher can have preset questions but also has the flexibility to follow up on interesting answers given by the respondent
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focus group
several respondents are interviewed at once and are qallowed to discuss the questions being asked of them
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research population
the group(s) of people relevant to the study being completed
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interviewer bias
where the inderviewer influences the answers that the respondent gives
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social desirability
where the respondent gives the kind of answer that they think the researcher wants to hear
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non participant observation
where a researcher watches a group without getting involved in what they are doing
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participant observation
where a researcher joins the group being studied and acts as they do whilst completing the observation
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covert observation
where the researcher does not let the group being studied know that they are bing observed
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overt observation
where the researcher tells the group under study that they are being observed or does not attempt to hide their presence from them
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objectivity
studying tpics and people with an open mind and not allowing your own vies and opinions to influence the findings
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observer effect
when the presence of an observer affects the actions of the group under study, preventing the observer from seeing natural behaviour
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ethics
ideas about what is morally right and wrong
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operationalise
to define exactly what is meant by any terms used for categorisation
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bias
the subject is presented in a one sided way which favours one point of viwe more than others
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research device
the research method that you will use for your investigation such as a questionnaire or interiew questions
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stratified sample
the research population is divided up into relvant groups such as by gender and age and a random sample is then taken from each of these groups to generate more represtentative data
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generalisation
results froma study can be applied to the whole research population
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research population
the group(s) of people relevant to the studybeing completed
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snowbal sample
non random sample where a researcher makes contact with one relevant respondent and then asks them to put them into contact with further respondents. often used when there is no sample frame
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sample
a small group of people usually cross sectional on whom research will be carried out
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sampling frame
the source from which a sample is drawn
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representative
when the data can be said to accurately representthe research population in terms
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random sample
the sample group is chosen completely at random
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cross sectional
it will be made up of a range of different people to best represent the research population
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systematic sample
selecting every nth name from the sampling frame there for not ramdom at all
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triangulation
using more than one research method or researcher in order to complete the inverstigation
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pilot study
a small scale study completed before a piece of research to identify any possible problems
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case study
a detailed and in depth study of one particular group or situation
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longitudinal study
a study completed over a long period of time
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primary data
information the researcher has gathered themselves
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secondary data
information that has been collected by somebody elsea nd then used by the researcher
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reliability
findings can be checked by another researcher if another researcher can do the research in the same way then the rsearch is reliable
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

interview questionnaires

Back

questions are read out to the respondent by the researcher who then records the respondents answers

Card 3

Front

closed questions

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

open questions

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

trends

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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