B3 Keywords

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  • Created by: Plusle
  • Created on: 08-04-14 16:30
Gene
Length of DNA that codes for a characteristic/protein.
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Genetic code
Coded information within the DNA of an organism that controls the proteins made by its cells, so controlling its characterisitcs and how it develops.
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Base pairs
Pairs of DNA bases; A pairs with T and C pairs with G.
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Proteins
Large molecules (polymers) made of many amino acids joined together. Proteins have many functions, including structural (as in muscle), hormones, antibodies, and enzymes.
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Complementary base pairing
Pairing between DNA bases; A with T and C with G. Their shapes fit together; they are complimentary.
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Base triplet
Sequence of three DNA bases in a gene, that specifies a particular amino acid's position in the protein.
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Ribosomes
Structures in the cytoplasm of the cell, where proteins are assembled.
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mRNA
Messenger RNA: a single-stranded molecule that carries a copy of the genetic code from the cell nucleus to the ribosomes in the cytoplasm, where proteins are assembled.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Coded information within the DNA of an organism that controls the proteins made by its cells, so controlling its characterisitcs and how it develops.

Back

Genetic code

Card 3

Front

Pairs of DNA bases; A pairs with T and C pairs with G.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Large molecules (polymers) made of many amino acids joined together. Proteins have many functions, including structural (as in muscle), hormones, antibodies, and enzymes.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Pairing between DNA bases; A with T and C with G. Their shapes fit together; they are complimentary.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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