B2.4 Energy from Respiration

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Maddi
  • Created on: 11-10-14 19:01
What is aerobic respiration?
Breaking down food using oxygen to release energy for the cells.
1 of 102
Where in your cells does respiration take place?
Most of the reactions in aerobic respiration take place inside the mitochondria.
2 of 102
What is the equation for aerobic respiration?
glucose + oxygen --> carbon dioxide + water (+ energy)
3 of 102
What are mitochondria?
Mitochondria are tiny rod-shaped parts that are found in almost all plant and animal cells. They have a folded inner membrane. This provides a large surface area for the enzymes involved in anerobic respiration.
4 of 102
How is the energy released during respiration used?
To build larger molecules from smaller ones. To enable muscles to contract.To maintain a steady body temperature. In plants, to build up sugars, nitrates and other nutrients into amino acids which are then built up into proteins.
5 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases.
6 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in an
7 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases.
8 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
9 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases,
10 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
11 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
12 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
13 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
14 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
15 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
16 of 102
What are the benefits of exercise?
Your heart and lungs benefit from regular exercise. Both the heart and lungs become larger.
17 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
18 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
19 of 102
What are the benefits of exercise?
Your heart and lungs benefit from regular exercise. Both the heart and lungs become larger. They both develop a bigger and more efficient blood supply. This means they function as efficiently as possible.
20 of 102
What is glycogen?
Carbohydrate store in animals, including the
21 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
22 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
23 of 102
What are the benefits of exercise?
Your heart and lungs benefit from regular exercise. Both the heart and lungs become larger. They both develop a bigger and more efficient blood supply. This means they function as efficiently as possible.
24 of 102
What is glycogen?
Carbohydrate store in animals, including the muscles, liver and brain of the human body.
25 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
26 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
27 of 102
What are the benefits of exercise?
Your heart and lungs benefit from regular exercise. Both the heart and lungs become larger. They both develop a bigger and more efficient blood supply. This means they function as efficiently as possible.
28 of 102
What is glycogen?
Carbohydrate store in animals, including the muscles, liver and brain of the human body.
29 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
30 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
31 of 102
What are the benefits of exercise?
Your heart and lungs benefit from regular exercise. Both the heart and lungs become larger. They both develop a bigger and more efficient blood supply. This means they function as efficiently as possible.
32 of 102
What is glycogen?
Carbohydrate store in animals, including the muscles, liver and brain of the human body.
33 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
34 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
35 of 102
What are the benefits of exercise?
Your heart and lungs benefit from regular exercise. Both the heart and lungs become larger. They both develop a bigger and more efficient blood supply. This means they function as efficiently as possible.
36 of 102
What is glycogen?
Carbohydrate store in animals, including the muscles, liver and brain of the human body.
37 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
38 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
39 of 102
What are the benefits of exercise?
Your heart and lungs benefit from regular exercise. Both the heart and lungs become larger. They both develop a bigger and more efficient blood supply. This means they function as efficiently as possible.
40 of 102
What is glycogen?
Carbohydrate store in animals, including the muscles, liver and brain of the human body.
41 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
42 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
43 of 102
What are the benefits of exercise?
Your heart and lungs benefit from regular exercise. Both the heart and lungs become larger. They both develop a bigger and more efficient blood supply. This means they function as efficiently as possible.
44 of 102
Why do muscles use anaerobic respiration to obtain energy?
If muscles work hard for a long time they become fatigued and do
45 of 102
Equation for anaerobic respiration?
glucose --> lactic acid (+ energy)
46 of 102
What is glycogen?
Carbohydrate store in animals, including the muscles, liver and brain of the human body.
47 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
48 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
49 of 102
What are the benefits of exercise?
Your heart and lungs benefit from regular exercise. Both the heart and lungs become larger. They both develop a bigger and more efficient blood supply. This means they function as efficiently as possible.
50 of 102
Why do muscles use anaerobic respiration to obtain energy?
If muscles work hard for a long time they become fatigued and don't contract efficiently. If they don't get enough oxygen they will respire anaerobically
51 of 102
Equation for anaerobic respiration?
glucose --> lactic acid (+ energy)
52 of 102
What is glycogen?
Carbohydrate store in animals, including the muscles, liver and brain of the human body.
53 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
54 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
55 of 102
What are the benefits of exercise?
Your heart and lungs benefit from regular exercise. Both the heart and lungs become larger. They both develop a bigger and more efficient blood supply. This means they function as efficiently as possible.
56 of 102
Why do muscles use anaerobic respiration to obtain energy?
If muscles work hard for a long time they become fatigued and don't contract efficiently. If they don't get enough oxygen they will respire anaerobically.
57 of 102
Equation for anaerobic respiration?
glucose --> lactic acid (+ energy)
58 of 102
What is glycogen?
Carbohydrate store in animals, including the muscles, liver and brain of the human body.
59 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
60 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
61 of 102
What are the benefits of exercise?
Your heart and lungs benefit from regular exercise. Both the heart and lungs become larger. They both develop a bigger and more efficient blood supply. This means they function as efficiently as possible.
62 of 102
Why do muscles use anaerobic respiration to obtain energy?
During exercise, if insufficient oxygen is reaching the muscles they use anaerobic respiration to obtain energy.
63 of 102
Equation for anaerobic respiration?
glucose --> lactic acid (+ energy)
64 of 102
What is glycogen?
Carbohydrate store in animals, including the muscles, liver and brain of the human body.
65 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
66 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
67 of 102
What are the benefits of exercise?
Your heart and lungs benefit from regular exercise. Both the heart and lungs become larger. They both develop a bigger and more efficient blood supply. This means they function as efficiently as possible.
68 of 102
Why do muscles use anaerobic respiration to obtain energy?
During exercise, if insufficient oxygen is reaching the muscles they use anaerobic respiration to obtain energy.
69 of 102
What is an oxygen debt?
After exercise, oxygen is still needed to break down the lactic acid
70 of 102
Equation for anaerobic respiration?
glucose --> lactic acid (+ energy)
71 of 102
What is glycogen?
Carbohydrate store in animals, including the muscles, liver and brain of the human body.
72 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
73 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
74 of 102
What are the benefits of exercise?
Your heart and lungs benefit from regular exercise. Both the heart and lungs become larger. They both develop a bigger and more efficient blood supply. This means they function as efficiently as possible.
75 of 102
Why do muscles use anaerobic respiration to obtain energy?
During exercise, if insufficient oxygen is reaching the muscles they use anaerobic respiration to obtain energy.
76 of 102
What is an oxygen debt?
After exercise, oxygen is still needed to break down the lactic acid which has built up. The amount of oxygen needed is known as an oxygen debt.
77 of 102
Equation for anaerobic respiration?
glucose --> lactic acid (+ energy)
78 of 102
What is glycogen?
Carbohydrate store in animals, including the muscles, liver and brain of the human body.
79 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
80 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
81 of 102
What are the benefits of exercise?
Your heart and lungs benefit from regular exercise. Both the heart and lungs become larger. They both develop a bigger and more efficient blood supply. This means they function as efficiently as possible.
82 of 102
Why do muscles use anaerobic respiration to obtain energy?
During exercise, if insufficient oxygen is reaching the muscles they use anaerobic respiration to obtain energy.
83 of 102
Why is less energy released by anaerobic respiration than aerobic respiration?
Anaerobic respiration is not as efficient as aerobic respiration.
84 of 102
What is an oxygen debt?
After exercise, oxygen is still needed to break down the lactic acid which has built up. The amount of oxygen needed is known as an oxygen debt.
85 of 102
Equation for anaerobic respiration?
glucose --> lactic acid (+ energy)
86 of 102
What is glycogen?
Carbohydrate store in animals, including the muscles, liver and brain of the human body.
87 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
88 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
89 of 102
What are the benefits of exercise?
Your heart and lungs benefit from regular exercise. Both the heart and lungs become larger. They both develop a bigger and more efficient blood supply. This means they function as efficiently as possible.
90 of 102
Why do muscles use anaerobic respiration to obtain energy?
During exercise, if insufficient oxygen is reaching the muscles they use anaerobic respiration to obtain energy.
91 of 102
Why is less energy released by anaerobic respiration than aerobic respiration?
Anaerobic respiration is not as efficient as aerobic respiration. This is because the glucose molecules are not broken down completely. So far less energy is released than
92 of 102
What is an oxygen debt?
After exercise, oxygen is still needed to break down the lactic acid which has built up. The amount of oxygen needed is known as an oxygen debt.
93 of 102
Equation for anaerobic respiration?
glucose --> lactic acid (+ energy)
94 of 102
What is glycogen?
Carbohydrate store in animals, including the muscles, liver and brain of the human body.
95 of 102
How is glycogen used in the body?
Glycogen can be converted rapidly back to glucose during exercise. The glucose is used in aerobic respiration to provide the energy to make your muscles contract.
96 of 102
During exercise what changes take place?
Your heart rate increases and the rate and depth of breathing increases. Glycogen stores in the muscles are converted to glucose for cellular respiration. The blood flow to the muscles increases.
97 of 102
What are the benefits of exercise?
Your heart and lungs benefit from regular exercise. Both the heart and lungs become larger. They both develop a bigger and more efficient blood supply. This means they function as efficiently as possible.
98 of 102
Why do muscles use anaerobic respiration to obtain energy?
During exercise, if insufficient oxygen is reaching the muscles they use anaerobic respiration to obtain energy.
99 of 102
Why is less energy released by anaerobic respiration than aerobic respiration?
Anaerobic respiration is not as efficient as aerobic respiration. This is because the glucose molecules are not broken down completely. So far less energy is released than during aerobic respiration.
100 of 102
What is an oxygen debt?
After exercise, oxygen is still needed to break down the lactic acid which has built up. The amount of oxygen needed is known as an oxygen debt.
101 of 102
Equation for anaerobic respiration?
glucose --> lactic acid (+ energy)
102 of 102

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Where in your cells does respiration take place?

Back

Most of the reactions in aerobic respiration take place inside the mitochondria.

Card 3

Front

What is the equation for aerobic respiration?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are mitochondria?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How is the energy released during respiration used?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all Respiration and exercise resources »