B2 (Keeping healthy) - keywords

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Bacteria
Single-celled microorganisms with no nucleus.
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Fungi
A group of organisms including mushrooms, toadstools and yeasts.
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Virus
A tiny microorganism with a very simple structure that is reliant on using a cell's machinery to reproduce.
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Immune system
The body's defence system against infections and diseases (consists of white blood cells and antibodies).
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White blood cell
A type of cell in blood that fights infection.
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Antibody
Produced by white blood cells to inactivate disease-causing microorganisms.
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Antigen
A marker on the surface of a disease-causing microorganism.
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Natural immunity
To remain resistant or to be unaffected by a specific disease
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Side effect
A condition caused by taking medication, e.g, headache, nausea
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Mutation
A spontaneous change in the genetic code of a cell.
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Antimicrobial
A chemical that kills bacteria, fungi and viruses.
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Clinical trail
The process of testing a medical treatment or medicine on human volunteers for safety and effectiveness.
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Artery
A muscular blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart.
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Vein
A blood vessel that carries blood towards the heart.
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Capillary
A blood vessel that connects arteries to veins; where the exchange of materials takes place.
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Epidemiological study
A study of the factors affecting the health and illness of populations.
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Homeostasis
The maintenance of a constant internal environment.
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Hormone
A regulatory substance that stimulates cells or tissues into action.
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ADH (Anti-diuretic hormone)
A hormone that controls the concentration of urine.
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Pituitary gland
The small gland at the base of the brain that produces hormones.
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Hypothalamus
The part of the brain responsible for mantaining homeostasis.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A group of organisms including mushrooms, toadstools and yeasts.

Back

Fungi

Card 3

Front

A tiny microorganism with a very simple structure that is reliant on using a cell's machinery to reproduce.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The body's defence system against infections and diseases (consists of white blood cells and antibodies).

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A type of cell in blood that fights infection.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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