Other questions in this quiz

2. how can you become resistant to antimicrobials

  • overuse of antibiotics and mutations in genes
  • overuse of antibiotics and under use of antibiotics
  • mutations in genes and under use of antibiotics

3. What do pathogens have on their surface

  • They have chemicals that antibodies recognize as foreign (antigens)
  • Antibodies which like to engulf microorganisms
  • Poo

4. why is it very hard to produce a permanent vaccine for viruses

  • because they are too big to control
  • because they mutate quickly, and this changes their surface proteins
  • because their antigens change shape very quickly

5. drugs that have passed the second stage go on to be tested - how

  • clinical trials - They are tested on healthy volunteers to check they are safe. The substances are then tested on people with the illness to ensure they are safe and that they work
  • tested on dogs
  • The drugs are tested using computer models and human cells grown in the laboratory
  • tested on animals, a typical test involves giving a known amount of the substance to the animals, then monitoring them carefully for any side-effects

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