B1-Fitness and Health

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What is blood pressure measured in?
Millimetres of mercury (mmHg).
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What is the difference between systolic pressure and diastolic pressure?
Systolic pressure is the maximum pressure the heart produces and diastolic pressure is the blood pressure between heart beats.
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How can a persons blood pressure be increased?
By stress, high alcohol intake, smoking and being overweight.
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How can a persons blood pressure be decreased?
By regular exercise and eating a balanced diet.
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What problems can high blood pressures cause?
Blood vessels to burst, if it happens in the brain it is called a stroke and if it happens in the kidney it is called kidney failure.
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What problems can low blood pressure cause?
Dizziness and fainting as the blood supply to the brain is reduced and poor circulation to other areas such as fingers and toes.
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What is fitness?
The ability to do physical activity.
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What is health?
Being free from diseases such as those caused by bacteria and viruses.
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How can your general level of fitness be measured?
By your cardiovascular efficiency.
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How can carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke increase blood pressure?
It decreases the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood. It combines with haemoglobin, preventing it from combining with oxygen, so less oxygen is carried.
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How does nicotine from smoking effect blood pressure?
It directly increases heart rate.
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What is heart disease caused by?
Restricted blood flow to the heart muscle.
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How can the risk of heart disease be increased?
A high level of saturated fat in the diet, which leads to a build up of cholesterol (a plaque) in arteries. The plaques also make blood clots or thrombosis more likely to happen, this blocks arteries. Salt also increases the risk of heart disease.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the difference between systolic pressure and diastolic pressure?

Back

Systolic pressure is the maximum pressure the heart produces and diastolic pressure is the blood pressure between heart beats.

Card 3

Front

How can a persons blood pressure be increased?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How can a persons blood pressure be decreased?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What problems can high blood pressures cause?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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