B1

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  • Created by: CathhhhB
  • Created on: 18-09-13 21:58
Healthy
Have no illnesses and diseases.
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Fit
Someone who exercises, eats nutritious foods and has a balanced diet.
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Metabolism
When you eat a food your metabolism breaks its down.
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Fat
Gives you energy and insulates.
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Minerals
makes haemoglobin.
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Carbohydrates
Gives you energy.
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Protein
For growth and repair.
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Fibre
Helps defication.
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Vitamin C
Prevents scurvy.
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Water
Prevents dehydration.
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Haemoglobin
Carries oxygen in your blood.
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Heart disease
A condition of the heart or blood vessels supplying it that impairs cardiac functioning.
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What does a lack of iron cause?
Anaemia
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What causes scurvy?
A lack of vitamin C
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What does a lack of vitamin D cause?
Rickets
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What causes kwashiorkor?
Lack of protein.
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Why do scabs form?
To stop infectious bacteria getting into open wounds and cuts.
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Name 5 places pathogens can enter your body?
Mouth, Ears, eyes, nose and wounds.
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What is the function of a red blood cell?
To carry 02 and C02.
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What is the function of a platelet?
Help to form scabs.
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What is the function of a white blood cell?
To find and destroy pathogens.
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What do enzymes do?
Break down pathogens.
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What Engulfs the microbes killing them?
White blood cells.
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What do white blood cells make?
Antibodies.
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What are antibodies?
AA blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a specific antigen
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What does every cell have?
A nucleus.
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What is an anti-toxin
Bacteria makes toxins, your white blood cells destroy these toxins with the anti-toxins they produce.
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Nicotene
Highly addictive drug.
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Carbon Monoxide
combines with haemoglobin in red blood cells reducing their capacity to carry oxygen.
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Tar
Carcinogenic element.
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3 ways to improve your health...
Balanced diet, Exercise, Good amount of sleep.
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3 ways to damage your health...
Malnutrition, smoking and alcohol, not exercising enough.
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3 consequences of smoking...
Black lungs (difficulty breathing), less blood supply because of nicotine, Risk of lung cancer.
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Parasite
An organism that lives in or on another organism (its host) and benefits by deriving nutrients at the host's expense.
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Host
A host is the organism that a parasite lives and feeds on.
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If you were to unfold a lung how big would it be?
the size of a football pitch.
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Benign tumour
A tumour that is NOT cancerous.
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Malignant tumour
A tumour that tends to spread to over parts of the body.
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Vaccination
Small amounts of dead or inactive pathogen are put into your body, often by injection, the antibodies in the vaccination stimulate the white blood cells.
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What doe EAR stand for?
Estimated average requirement
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Someone who exercises, eats nutritious foods and has a balanced diet.

Back

Fit

Card 3

Front

When you eat a food your metabolism breaks its down.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Gives you energy and insulates.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

makes haemoglobin.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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