B1.3

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Drug
Substances that alter what goes on in your body by affecting your chemical reactions
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Addicted to Drugs
When your body becomes dependant on them
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Withdrawal Symptons
When an addict immediately stops taking the drug
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Name Addictive drugs
Heroine, Cocaine, Caffeine, Nicotine
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Medicinal Drugs
Drugs that are medically useful such as antibiotics
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Recreational Drugs
Drugs that are used for fun or because someone wants to take them
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Performance-Enhancing Drugs
Drugs that can improve someone's performance in sport
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Anabolic Steroids
Increase muscle size so that someone becomes stronger
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Stimulants
These increase heart rate so glucose and oxygen are transported to the muscles faster
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Statins
Drugs that are prescribed to lower the risk of heart and circulatory disease
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Step 1 of Laboratory Testing: Cells and Tissues
Drugs are tested on human cells and tissues in a lab
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Step 2 of Laboratory Testing: Live animals
Drugs are tested on live animals to find how toxic it is
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Step 3 of Laboratory Testing: Clinical Trials
Drugs are then tested on human volunteers, first on healthy people
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Optimum Dose
The dose of the drug which is most useful and has the least amount of side affects
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Placebos
A substance that is like the drug but doesn't do anything
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Blind Trials
When a patient doesn't know if they have the real drug or the placebo
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Double Blin Trial
When neither the doctor or the patient knows if they have the placebo or not
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Thalidomide
It was invented as a sleeping pill but was later found to prevent morning sickness
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What was wrong with Thalidomide?
It passed through the placenta to the foetus and cause abnormal limb development
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Legal Recreational Drugs
Such as Alcohol and Nicotine can be addictive and can damage people's health
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When your body becomes dependant on them

Back

Addicted to Drugs

Card 3

Front

When an addict immediately stops taking the drug

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Heroine, Cocaine, Caffeine, Nicotine

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Drugs that are medically useful such as antibiotics

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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