B1.1

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What is metabolic rate?
The rate in which all the chemical reactions take place in cells.
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What affects metabolic rate?
Genetics, Amount of Activity, Proportion of Muscle to fat.
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What is Chloestrol, where is found and where is it naturally produced in the body?
Cholestrol is a fatty, waxy substance, that is found in the blood and produced by the liver.
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Reveal the two types of Chloestrol.
Bad cholestrol ,(LDL) Low density liporotein and good (HDL) High density lipoprotein.
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What determins the amount of cholestrol in the blood?
Diet, Exercise and inherited factors.
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Why do we need cholestrol?
To produce Hormones and cell membranes.
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Who was Ignaz Semmelweiss?
He was a doctor who helped to establish infection control, by instong doctors washed their hands often.
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How are pathogens passed from person to person? (5)
Droplet infection, Direct contact, Contaminated food or drink, Cuts, Animal vector.
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Name the two types of whie blood cell.
Lymphocyte and Phagocyte
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What is the function of phagocyte blood cells?
To destroy antigens by engulfing them and surrounding tem with digestive enzymes.
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What are the functions of a lymphocyte blood cell?
Produce antibodies to destroy antigen and to produce antitoxins to counteract the toxins released by pathogens.
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What is a medicine?
A medicine is a drug that relives the symptoms of an illness, but does not destroy the illness causing pathogen.
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What is Penicillin?
Penecillin is a anti-biotic secreated by a fungus called Penicillium.
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What is antibotic resistnace?
THis is when a bacteria has a gentic mutation and is then unable to be destroyed by the anti-biotic that killed the rest of its colony.
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Give an example of a mutated bacteria has given rise to a new strain of a disease.
MRSA spread through hospitals as a result of natural selection, due to overuse of anti-biotics, it became resistant to many anti-biotics, wich made it extremly dangerous.
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What is a pandemic?
is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide.
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Card 2

Front

What affects metabolic rate?

Back

Genetics, Amount of Activity, Proportion of Muscle to fat.

Card 3

Front

What is Chloestrol, where is found and where is it naturally produced in the body?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Reveal the two types of Chloestrol.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What determins the amount of cholestrol in the blood?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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