B1.1

Metabolic Rate
The speed at which chemical reactions take place in your body
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Balanced Diet
Having the right amount of each nutrients
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Metabolism
The energy to fuel chemical reactions in the body
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Malnourishment
Having too much or too little of a nutrient
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Cholesterol
Fatty substance that's essential for good health
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How can you become obese?
Having an excess take in carbohydrates or fat as well as a lack of exercise
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Type 2 diabetes
When you are unable to control blood sugar levels and can be developed
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Scurvy is cause by a lack of...
Vitamins and Minerals
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Pathogens
Micro-organisms that cause disease
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Bacterial Pathogens
Produce toxins or damage your cells
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Viral Pathogens
Replicate themselves by invading cells and using the cells to produce more copies
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The skin
Small cell fragments help blood clot quickly, known as a scab
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Mucus in the respiratory tract
Straps pathogens that are in the air to stop them reaching the lungs
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White blood cells
Consume pathogens, produce anti toxins or produce antibodies
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Vaccine
Small amounts of dead or inactive micro organisms get injected into you
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Pros of Vaccination
Controls infectious diseases, epidemics can be prevented
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Cons of Vaccination
Sometimes don't give you immunity, can have a bad reaction to the vaccine
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Painkillers
Drugs that relieve pain but only help to reduce symptoms of the diseae
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Antibiotics
Can kill or prevent the growth of bacterial pathogens without killing your own bacteria
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Antibiotic Resistance
Bacteria can mutate and become resistant to antibiotics
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Semmelweis
Believed that doctors were spreading disease by moving from an infected patients to a pregnant woman without washing their hands
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Having the right amount of each nutrients

Back

Balanced Diet

Card 3

Front

The energy to fuel chemical reactions in the body

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Having too much or too little of a nutrient

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Fatty substance that's essential for good health

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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