B1: You and Your Genes

HideShow resource information
What is the Nucleus?
It contains all your genetic material.
1 of 16
What is all the genetic material arranged into?
Chromosomes
2 of 16
How many pairs of Chromosomes do we have?
23 Pairs
3 of 16
What is a Chromosome?
A Chromosome is a one very long molecule of DNA that's coiled up
4 of 16
What is a Gene?
A Gene is a short length of a Chromosome
5 of 16
What do Genes do?
They control the development of different characteristics
6 of 16
Whats the name for different versions of the same gene?
Alleles
7 of 16
What do different versions of proteins mean?
We end up with different characteristics
8 of 16
What two types of proteins are there?
Structural and Functional
9 of 16
Where can structural proteins be found?
They're part of hair, skin, blood and the cytoplasm in our cells.
10 of 16
What does the functional protein amylase do?
Its a digestive enzyme that breaks down starch to maltose
11 of 16
What is an organism's genotype?
All of the genes it has
12 of 16
What is an organism's phenotype?
All the characteristics it displays
13 of 16
What causes dimples?
Only genes
14 of 16
What causes scars?
Only environmental factors
15 of 16
What causes weight?
Both genetics and environmental factors
16 of 16

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is all the genetic material arranged into?

Back

Chromosomes

Card 3

Front

How many pairs of Chromosomes do we have?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a Chromosome?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a Gene?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all DNA and inheritance resources »