B1 Topic 2

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What is homeostasis
the tendency towards a relatively stable equilibrium between interdependent elements, especially as maintained by physiological processes.
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What is the role of the hypothalamus?
The hypothalamus is a section of the brain responsible for the production of many of the body’s essential hormones, chemical substances that help control different cells and organs.
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where are hormones produced?
The anterior pituitary gland produces the following hormones and releases them into the bloodstream
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what transports hormones around the body?
One of the functions of blood is to transport dissolved substances, including hormones, around the body. Hormones are chemical substances that help to regulate processes in the body.
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what is excess glucose converted to?
The human body has several mechanisms to store or eliminate excess glucose from the blood. Glucose can be converted into a larger molecule called glycogen that is typically stored in the liver and muscles.
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where is excess glucose converted?
In the liver, fructose and galactose, the other forms of sugar, are converted into glucose.
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what are the two hormones that regulate blood glucose levels?
Insulin and glucagon
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which type of diabetes is caused by a person becoming resistant to insulin?
Type 2
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which type of diabetes is caused by lack of insulin?
Type 1
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which type of diabetes requires a sufferer to inject insulin?
Type 1
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where is insulin injected?
subcutaneous fat
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what type of diabetes is linked to obesity?
type 2
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what kind of phototropism do plant shoots demonstrate?
positive
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Card 2

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What is the role of the hypothalamus?

Back

The hypothalamus is a section of the brain responsible for the production of many of the body’s essential hormones, chemical substances that help control different cells and organs.

Card 3

Front

where are hormones produced?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what transports hormones around the body?

Back

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Card 5

Front

what is excess glucose converted to?

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