B1 - Preventing and Treating Infectious Disease

A set of flash cards to ensure that you are knowledgeable on this subsection of B1. Essential for your biology revision.

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What is another word for immunisation?
Vaccination
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What does immunisation involve?
Injecting dead or inactive pathogens into the body.
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Why does a vaccine not infect you, but still create an immune response?
The pathogens still have antigens, so the white blood cells attack them, but they are harmless.
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What type of immunity is vaccination classed as?
Active immunity
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What is active immunity?
Where the immune system makes its own antibodies when stimulated by a pathogen
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Is active immunity permanent or temporary?
Permanent
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What is passive immunity?
Where you use antibodies created by another organism.
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Give an example of passive immunity.
Antibodies passed from mother to baby through breast milk.
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Is passive immunity permnent or temporary?
Temporary
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Name 2 benefits of immunisation.
1. you don't get ill. 2. helps stop spread of infection
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Name 2 drawbacks of immunisation.
1. short term side effects, e.g. nausea. 2. some vaccines can't be taken if the patient is already ill.
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What type of drug can be used to treat bacterial infections?
Antibiotics
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What type of drug can be used to treat viral infections?
Antivirals
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Name the best-known example of an antibiotic resistant strain.
MRSA, or the "hospital super-bug"
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does immunisation involve?

Back

Injecting dead or inactive pathogens into the body.

Card 3

Front

Why does a vaccine not infect you, but still create an immune response?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What type of immunity is vaccination classed as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is active immunity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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