B1 Human health and diet

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A balanced diet contains the correct amounts of chemicals in food like...
1) Carbohydrates (simple sugars such as glucose) 2) Proteins (amino acids) 3) Fats (Fatty acids and glycerol)
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Balanced diet variation factors...
Age, gender, level of activity, religion, vegetarian/vegan and food allergies
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Carbohydrates are stored...
In the liver as glycogen or converted in to fats
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Fats are stored...
Under the skin and around organs as adipose tissue
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EAR means...
Estimated Average daily Requirement
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EAR equation...
EAR in g = 0.6 x body mass in kg
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What is Kwashiorkor?
A condition caused by too little protein in the diet - more common in LEDCs due to overpopulation and lack of money
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EAR is estimated. EAR for protein may be affected by factors like...
Age, body mass, pregnancy and breast-feeding (lactation)
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First-class proteins are...
Proteins from fish and meat. Contain essential amino acids that cannot be made by human body.
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Second-class proteins are...
Plant proteins. Do not contain essential amino acids.
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BMI means...
Body mass index
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BMI equation....
BMI = mass in kg / (height in m) squared
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BMI of more than 30...
Obese
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BMI of 25-30...
Overweight
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BMI of 20-25...
Normal
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BMI of less than 20...
Underweight
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Age, gender, level of activity, religion, vegetarian/vegan and food allergies

Back

Balanced diet variation factors...

Card 3

Front

In the liver as glycogen or converted in to fats

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Under the skin and around organs as adipose tissue

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Estimated Average daily Requirement

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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