B1 - Healthy Living

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  • Created by: H-Gilbody
  • Created on: 09-04-16 16:37
Blood Pressure Is Measured In...
Millimetres of mercury - mmHg
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Systolic Pressure
The maximum pressure the heart produces, measured when the heart beats.
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Diastolic Pressure
The minimum pressure the heart produces, measured between heart beats.
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Factors Affecting Blood Pressure (Increase)
Being overweight, stress, high alcohol intake, smoking, high salt intake and a diet high in saturated fats.
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Factors Affecting Blood Pressure (Decrease)
Exercise, balanced diet.
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Low Blood Pressure Is Called...
Hypotension
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High Blood Pressure Is Called....
Hypertension
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Healthy Blood Pressure Is Around...
120/80
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Health Definition
Being free from disease
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Fitness Definition
The ability to complete physical activities.
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Smoking & Blood Pressure
CO in cigarette smoke combines with the haemoglobin in the blood so it carries less oxygen. The heart rate increases so tissues receive enough oxygen.
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Diet & Blood Pressure
High levels of saturated fats lead to a build up of cholesterol (a plaque) in the arteries reducing blood flow to the heart. As the blood pressure increases the plaque can become damaged a rupture causing a blockage.
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Thrombosis
The clotting of blood in a blood vessel causing a blockage, if it happens in a coronary artery it can cause a heart attack.
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What Does A Balanced Diet Contain?
Protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, fibre, fats and water.
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Proteins Are Needed For...
Growth and repair.
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Carbohydrates Are Needed For...
Sow releasing energy
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Vitamins & Minerals Are Needed For...
General health.
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Fibre Is Needed For...
The digestive system.
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Fats Are Needed For...
Warmth and quick releasing energy.
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Water Is Needed For...
Hydration
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EAR Meaning
Estimate Average Requirement (of protein). How much protein a person should eat in a day.
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EAR Equation
EAR in g = Body Mass Kg x 0.6
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First Class Protein Definition
Of animal origin, they contain all the essential amino acids.
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Second Class Protein Definition
Of plant origin, the don't contain all essential amino acids.
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BMI Definition
Body Mass Index. Calculates if you're underweight etc. for your height.
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BMI Equation
Weight Kg / Height m Squared
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Pathogen Definition
Microbe that causes disease. Includes fiungi, bacteria, virus and protozoas
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Example Of A Fungi
Athletes Foot
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Example Of A Virus
Flu
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Example Of A Bacteria
Cholera
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Example Of A Protozoa
Malaria
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Vector Definition
An animal that carries a pathogen without suffering from it.
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Parasite Definition
An organism that feeds on another living organism causing it harm.
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Toxin Definition
A poisonous substance made by pathogens.
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Antibody Definition
A protein either present in the blood or made in response to an antigen which it neutralizes.
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Antigen Definition
Any substance that stimulates the production of antibodies.
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Passive Immunity Definition
Immunity which provides the antibodies needed. This has a quick but short term effect.
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Active Immunity Definition
When the body produces its own antibodies in response to an antigen. This has a slow but long term effect.
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Antibiotics
Are against bacteria and fungi, they destroy the pathogen.
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Antiviral Drugs
Are against viruses, they slow down the pathogens development.
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Placebo Definition
A harmless pill. They are used in blind trails.
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Blind Trail
Where the patient doesn't know if they are taking the drug or the placebo.
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Double Blind Trail
Where neither the doctor or the patient know which drug is being used.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The maximum pressure the heart produces, measured when the heart beats.

Back

Systolic Pressure

Card 3

Front

The minimum pressure the heart produces, measured between heart beats.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Being overweight, stress, high alcohol intake, smoking, high salt intake and a diet high in saturated fats.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Exercise, balanced diet.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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