B1 Fitness and Health

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Blood pressure is measured in...
Millimeters of Mercury (mmHg)
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Blood pressure measurements: Systolic is... Diastolic is
The maximum pressure the heart produces. The blood pressure between heart beats.
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BP increased by...
1) Stress 2) Alcohol intake 3) Smoking 4) Being overweight
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BP is decreased by...
1) Regular exercise 2) Balanced diet
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Effects of a high blood pressure
Blood vessels burst, damage to the brain (stroke) and damage to the kidneys
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Effects of a low blood pressure
Blood supply to the brain is reduced so dizziness, fainting and poor circulation to fingers and toes
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Fitness is...
The ability to do physical exercise
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Health is...
Being free from diseases
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General level of fitness can be measured by your...
Cardiovascular efficiency
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Why should ways of measuring fitness be evaluated?
To check effectiveness in particular situations
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Smoking increases blood pressure because...
1) Carbon Monoxide causes blood to carry less oxygen so heart rate increases in order for tissues to receive sufficient oxygen 2) Nicotine directly increases heart rate
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How does Carbon Monoxide affect oxygen in blood?
It combines with haemoglobin so it can't combine with oxygen. Therefore less oxygen is carried.
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Heart disease is caused by...
Restricted blood flow to the heart muscle
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What is the risk of heart disease increased by?
1) High level of saturated fat in diet -> build up of cholesterol in arteries 2) High level of salt -> increased blood pressure
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Plaques in the coronary arteries cause...
1) Arteries to narrow reducing blood flow to the heart muscle 2) Blood clots and thrombosis are more likely to happen (blocks artery)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The maximum pressure the heart produces. The blood pressure between heart beats.

Back

Blood pressure measurements: Systolic is... Diastolic is

Card 3

Front

1) Stress 2) Alcohol intake 3) Smoking 4) Being overweight

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1) Regular exercise 2) Balanced diet

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Blood vessels burst, damage to the brain (stroke) and damage to the kidneys

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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