B1 - Diabetes

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  • Created by: kat-y
  • Created on: 14-05-16 09:58
People who have diabetes cannot...
Control their blood glucose levels very well
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What can low blood glucose levels lead to?
Unconsciousness
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What can high blood glucose levels lead to?
Tiredness / damage the organs e.g the eyes
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What do the kidneys do when the blood glucose levels are too high?
It gets rid of it by putting it in the urine
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What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes occur when no insulin is produced by the pancreas. Type 2 is when the body does not respond to the insulin produced.
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What factors can cause Type 2 diabetes?
A high-fat diet, lack of exercise and getting older and becoming obese?
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What does it mean if you are obese?
Having a BMI over 30 and being more vulnerable to suffereing health problems
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What does the BMI give?
An estimate of how health a person's body mass is for their height.
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How do you work out BMI?
kg divided by METRES SQUARED
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Where do people with Type 1 diabetes inject insulin?
Into the subcutaneous fat layer - the fat layer beneath the skin.
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Why is insulin injected there?
Because the fat absorbs the insulin easily.
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To successfully control their disease, diabetics need to...
balance out factors that lower blood glucose levels with factors that increase blood glucose levels
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Why is less insulin needed when people exercise more?
Glucose is used by cells during exercise
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What can low blood glucose levels lead to?

Back

Unconsciousness

Card 3

Front

What can high blood glucose levels lead to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What do the kidneys do when the blood glucose levels are too high?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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