B1 Adaptations

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4 adaptations desert animals have
large surface area compared to volume, efficient with water, good in hot conditions, camouflage
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why do they have a large surface compared to volume
lets them lose more body heat
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how are they efficient with water
produce small amount of concentrated urine, sweat very little
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how are they good in hot conditions
thin layers of body fat and a thin coat to help them lose body heat
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how are they camouflage
sandy colour which helps them avoid predators or sneak up on prey
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3 adaptations arctic animals have
small surface area compared to volume, well insulated, camouflage
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why do they have a small surface compared to volume
this reduces heat loss
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how are they well insulated
thick layer of blubber, thick hairy coats to keep body heat in, greasy fur sheds water to prevent cooling by evaporation
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how are they camouflage
white fur blends with snow, helps avoid predators or sneak up on prey
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3 ways desert plants are adapted to their climate
small surface area compared to volume, water storage tissues, maximising water absorption
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why do they have a small surface compared to volume
to reduce water loss e.g. cacti have spines instead of leaves
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example of water storage tissues
cactus stores water in its thick stem
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how do they maximise water absorption
shallow but extensive roots or deep roots
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3 ways organisms deter predators
armour e.g. shells, produce poisons e.g. bees, warning colours e.g wasps
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what is an extremophile
microorganisms adapted to live in extreme conditions such as hot volcanic vents or very salty lakes
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

why do they have a large surface compared to volume

Back

lets them lose more body heat

Card 3

Front

how are they efficient with water

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

how are they good in hot conditions

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

how are they camouflage

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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