B ; trade unions ; post-war trade union revival? ; triple alliance

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w/ '18 peace came determination among gov / employers to do what?
roll back wartime economy regulations
1 of 49
employers wanted to return back to what system?
competitive
2 of 49
while gov desperate to avoid industrial unrest and do what?
return nationalised industries to private ownership
3 of 49
however this retun did what for trade unionists?
brought about hostility
4 of 49
initial post war boom that ended by which year?
'20
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in '19 why had british industry benefitted?
peacetime industrial goods demand high + franco-german indistrial regions ****** rekt
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however what increased pay and reduced hours british workers gained in war meant what?
not long before industry found to be uncompetitive
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what meant boom shortlived?
high production costs
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to improve competitiveness business owners looked to do what?
reduce pay and increase hours
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NATIONALISATION
SDFGFD
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why did war break traditional history of trade unionism?
high labour demand meant gov had to wokr with working pop like never before
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when did gov seize south wales coalfield?
dec '16
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in response to?
declining coal production
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gov did this to increase efficiency and eliminate?
employers profits and disputes
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what act extended this measure to nationalise coal production to the entire coutry?
Defence of the Realm Act
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when?
march '17
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with state control came national regulation of?
wages
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how were national wages provided for miners?
coal profits poled and divided
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in september '17 gov increased wages by how much a day?
1shilling 6p
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and then when raised again by same amount?
july '18
20 of 49
by '19 apparent to gov / employerswhat was gone?
14 industrial system
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traditionally what had gov acted as in industrial disputes?
arbitrator
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but because of nationalisation it was now?
chief negotiator in disputes
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until what yr did gov mtn ctrl of railways / coal mines?
'21
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what were pre-war railways like?
inefficient running an excess of rolling stock + diff companies mntn duplicate track
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w/ wartime nationalisation there was efficiency like?
state planning rationalising rolling stock / track
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efficiencies confinved trade unionists like thomas that nationalisations should continue + promised what?
radical new organisation of society where labour not inseperable from capitalist profits
27 of 49
@ start '19 what did triple alliance represent?
force in politics and significant challenge to government
28 of 49
in march '19 thomas negotiated with gov to ensure what?
railway wages woudln't be severely reduced
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managed t win railway workers prolongation of what to peacetime?
wartime bonuses
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what did thomas do when gov refused make permanent settlement on continuation peacetime bonuses?
org strike
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when?
sep '19
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gv panicked @ idea triple alliance strike and deployed troops where?
paddington and woking railway station
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however who didn't support '19 strike?
miners / transport worjers
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miners were waiting for what?
gov commision to report on industry future
35 of 49
miners had already won a pay rise of how much in '19?
2shillings (20% wage)
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and saw hours cut from 8 to?
7
37 of 49
lloyd george realised wages would have to be reduced why?
to make british coal competitive in foreign markets
38 of 49
but wanted to avoid?
strikes
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set up royal commission to determine what?
if coal should remain nationalised
40 of 49
formed in?
'19
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and named?
the sankey commission
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what did lloyd george's gov do in march '21?
return coal to private ownership
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what had the sankey commission recommended?
mines remain nationalised
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why did the gov do it then?
didn't want expense / trouble of running coal industry but rather wished to act as arbitrator
45 of 49
within one day of returning ownership owners did what to incresae competitiveness?
cut wages
46 of 49
in '21 pay for coal miners fell what %?
30%
47 of 49
but what increased?
cost of living
48 of 49
coal miners striked and hoped for what to make effective?
transport / railway support
49 of 49

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Card 2

Front

employers wanted to return back to what system?

Back

competitive

Card 3

Front

while gov desperate to avoid industrial unrest and do what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

however this retun did what for trade unionists?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

initial post war boom that ended by which year?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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